As the use of technology has increased drastically over the last two decades, so has our need for technology. Technology has become a part about our everyday life and we can find technology being used nearly everywhere. Most systems in today’s countries and societies rely on technological infrastructure; these systems include transport systems, factory systems, power plant systems and water sanitation systems. This brings on the question of to what extent have governments developed their cyber security departments, what evidence is there of governmental involvement in malware attacks and why should governments be concerned about cyber security. Since these systems rely heavily on technology, governments have to consider them as high-risk targets not only for physical attacks, but also for computer malware attacks. Due to the fact that the risk exists governments have to focus not only on defending their borders, but they need to focus on defending their technological systems.
The growth of technology and the ability technology has to perform automated tasks more efficiently than humans. With the growth of technology society has become increasingly dependent on it and society would not function without technology. Most companies that are critical to society use technology, for example banks rely on mainframes to be able to handle several transaction at once , Power companies use PLC’s (Programmable Logic Controller) to manage electricity flow , etc. The use of technology in these systems brings on the question that What if these systems were attacked. The fact is that if these systems were compromised the whole society would be deemed as nonfunctional. Governments received a wakeup call when the Slammer virus managed to make a large amount of critical systems fail. The slammer virus was a worm that was designed to spread as fast as possible on Microsoft Server 2000 systems . The slammer virus managed to disable the emergency call system, the air traffic control system at some airports in the USA and the bank of America’s ATM network among other things.
Cyber treats of the 21st century
Computer Viruses are increasingly becoming more common, currently 148,000 computers are infected every day and the World Economic Forum predicts that there is a 10% chance for critical infrastructure being damaged in the next 5 years . As mentioned earlier most of the critical infrastructure like power plants and water treatment facilities rely on computer systems, but more specifically PLC’s (Programmable Logic Controllers) 2 and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisitions System) . These control systems have a major drawback, which is that they are susceptible to attacks by hackers if they are not configured in the correct way. There have been several examples of systems being compromised. The ICS-CERT (Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team) responded to 198 cyber incidents reported by power plants, water treatment plants...