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Cyberpsychology At Work Essay

2885 words - 12 pages

Technologies are indispensable and highly associated with individuals, businesses and organizations. Numerous eminent technologies are developed by firms and industries to gain competitive advantage in the market. The mode of lifestyle of individuals was also affected by technologies, either in social or occupational. Social media are one of the technologies which were invented and became contemporary prevalent. The origin of social media came from the “Usernet” inaugurated by Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis of the Duke University in 1979. It was “a worldwide discussion system that allowed internet users to post public messages” (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2010: 60). It then grew into various kinds of social websites and users of these websites surged. Two major concepts of social media were constantly discussed with it – Web 2.0 and User Generated Content. Web 2.0 is the foundation of social media which published composite information provided by massive users, whereas User Generated Content states the content shown in these websites and how they would be utilized. Kaplan and Haenlein (2010: 62) classified social media into six categories – “blogs”, “social networking sites”, “virtue social worlds”, “collaborative projects”, “content communities” and “virtue game worlds”. The first three are regarded as high level of self-presentation or self-disclosure and the latter three are perceived as low level of self-presentation or self-disclosure in which individuals could avoid being exposed to the outside world by disguise. In terms of the degree of social presence or media richness, blogs and collaborative projects are the highest, social networking sites and content communities are in the medium and the lowest is the virtue social worlds and virtue game worlds. The utilization of social media is not restricted to the social interaction of individuals, but further extended to the operation and even the recruitment process of the business. Managers applied social networking websites such as Facebook to communicate with their clients. Moreover, they used these websites as a recruitment tool to search for potential candidates, for instance, head-hunters would search candidates through LinkedIn. The positive and negative impacts of social media on recruitment would be discussed with the approach of Romanticism in this essay. Then there would be the assessment of strengths, weaknesses and partialities of Romanticism on social media and finally the conclusion.
Romanticism is associated with the movement of artistic, scholastic and intellectual that occurred in Europe during the late 18th century. It is also seen as a revolution against the rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment (Coyne, 1999). Romanticism is the opposition of rationalism, which emphasised on “the importance of nature and human emotion, and the individual imagination as a critical authority” (Corbett, 2009:7). The movement had strong influence on art, music, literature and advocated nationalism. It...

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