Cyborgs are a very common recurring motif within science fiction works such as books, movies, television, and so on. We see these cyborgs everywhere in this genre, but we only somewhat grasp the concept of humanity within cyborgs. A cyborg is an organism that consists of both artificial and natural components hence the full name “cybernetic organism.” For clarification, when I speak about cyborgs, I am referring to the organisms or beings that are artificially created rather than humans with cybernetic modifications. One key trait in cyborgs is their uncanny ability to replicate the thought processes and emotions of human being even though they aren’t human. My argument is that cyborgs, (more specifically the ones created artificially to look like humans) are in fact, not human at all, and I will explain why.
To begin, there are certain similarities in human beings that we are able to compare to cyborgs. One comparison between humans and cyborgs is the way signals are sent throughout their bodies. Both cyborgs and humans send low-impulse electrical signals throughout the body. Those signals are sent to the brain or central processing unit whenever the each of the five senses are stimulated in some way and evoke an emotional response. For example, if you touch something hot, the signal, that tells your brain that sensation of burning, travels to the brain via the nerves. For human beings, this is true; while cyborgs may have organically-created mechanisms similar to human nerves, as well as integrated circuits that pass the same type of electrical signals.
What it means to be human is not limited to physiological aspects such as the nerves and brains. There are other aspects besides organic materials that define a human. Humans are dictated in a sense by their conscience. The conscience allows humans to dictate what they perceive to be right and wrong. From a Christian perspective, I believe our moral conscience is one way God speaks to us and keeps us from going astray. Cyborgs may appear to have a conscience too, but their conscience is a false one. It is more like a series of protocols that are followed rather than a true conscience, due to the nature of their construction. They appear to follow a strict set of commands laid out for them by whoever programmed the protocol, which makes the cyborg’s “conscience” not their own. This leads me to the most important distinction between humans and cyborgs, according to a Christian perspective: the soul.
Humans are created by God in his image as described in the account of Creation in Genesis. This means that we are eternal, in some aspect, even after death. This eternal aspect I speak of is the soul which only can be freely given by God himself; man cannot imbue a soul onto their own creation, which is where cyborgs come in. Since cyborgs are created by man, who is unable to create ex nihilo (“out of nothing”) like God can. Man cannot imbue, let alone create souls. This...