Cyrus The Great Essay

2468 words - 10 pages

Cyrus the Great Builds the Persian Empire
by Governing With Toleration and Kindness

The greatest leaders in history often leave behind some sort of legacy. Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Persian Empire around 500 B.C., which was the largest empire of its time (Cyrus II, the Great). The empire stretched from ancient Iran, and grew to include an area reaching from Greece to India (Persian Empire). Cyrus’ reign saw some of the first contacts between Persia and Greece, and helped Persia gain the political power that had once been held by the people of Mesopotamia (Cyrus, the Great). Cyrus the Great proved to be an effective leader who developed a strong military that was stationed strategically throughout the empire to stop rebellions and keep trade routes safe, treated captives like the jews kindly, and implemented an organized administration of government that included satraps who governed locally.
Cambyses I, one of the earliest Achaemenid kings, ruled Persia around 600 B.C. Upon his death, his son Cyrus II took over as king in 559 B.C., and later became known as Cyrus the Great. As the ruler of Persia at the age of 41, Cyrus wanted to gain more power to strengthen the Persian Empire. He started by negotiating an alliance with the Babylonians against the Medes, who at this time were being ruled by Cyrus’ grandfather Astyages (Cyrus, the Great). Around 550 BC Astyages was worried that his grandson might be trying to form an alliance with his enemy Nabonidus, King of Babylon. Astyages called for Cyrus to come to him in the capital of Ecbatana to discuss the matter, but Cyrus would not (Pettman). With the support of the Babylonians, Cyrus led a revolt and defeated the Medes (Cyrus II, the Great). The Nabodinus Chronicle states that Cyrus was helped to win the battle by some of Astyages’ own soldiers. “Astyages mustered his army and marched against Cyrus, king of Anshan, for conquest...The army rebelled against Astyages and he was taken prisoner” (Cyrus II, the Great). Persia took over the Medes' kingdom, thus beginning the rise in power of the Persian Empire. Cyrus established a new capital at Pasargadae to commemorate his victory (Cyrus II, the Great).
Cyrus was very ambitious, so he continued to work on increasing his empire. In 547 B.C. he went to war against the wealthy King Croesus of Lydia and defeated him at the Battle of Ptyerum. He went on to capture the Greek city states along the coast of Anatolia. At this point Cyrus’ empire was 3,000 miles wide, but Cyrus was most interested in capturing Babylon because of the power and importance it represented. In 540 B.C., Cyrus set his sights on Babylon, which had been his ally up to that time. The people of Babylon were unhappy with King Nabonidus because he did not honor the God Marduk (Pettman). Without warning, the King left for Arabia, and in his ten-year absence left his son Belshazzar in charge. King Nabonidus eventually returned to Babylon in 543 B.C. and brought...

Find Another Essay On Cyrus the Great

Persia's Historical Sites Essay

1239 words - 5 pages Introduction Persia, a mysterious but familiar name, a name that we may only heard about in the Bible or movies, yet we don’t know what it’s really all about. In this paper, I would like to write a guide to unveil the mysteries of this Asian civilization by carefully choosing three historical and archaeological sites: tomb of Cyrus the Great, Apadana palace and Chogha Zanbil Ziggurats. From these sites, we could get a brief idea of ancient

Music in the Making Essay

1719 words - 7 pages America has a judgmental society. Madonna attended a catholic school, and in junior high, she began taking dance classes. After high school, Madonna moved to New York City and started posing for nudes while waiting for a break into the entertainment business. Miley Cyrus started her career as a child star and now she is known as a reckless icon. Cyrus caught herself in the middle of a controversy for modeling in revealing images for fame. In

Pop Star Showdown

2013 words - 9 pages From “the heart breaker” to smoking weed on stage, pop culture has really taken a turn for the worst. Madonna was the type of girl who partied with the best of them but didn't do anything that could possibly ruin her career and health. Miley Cyrus, on the other hand, is a wild child who does what she wants and could care less about her social image and physical self. These two pop stars also have many things in common as well. But, from looking

Pop Star Showdown: Madonna vs. Miley Cyrus

1955 words - 8 pages From “the heart breaker” to smoking weed on stage, pop culture has really taken a turn for the worst. Madonna was the type of girl who partied with the best of them but didn't do anything that could possibly ruin her career and health. Miley Cyrus, on the other hand, is a wild child who does what she wants and could care less about her social image and physical self. These two pop stars also have many things in common as well. But, from looking

What factors explain the Persian (Archaemenid) empire's survival for two hundred years?

1920 words - 8 pages the manner they did. However, a common factor in the premature fall of empires is that they have been often set up to quickly, this is the case with the Persian Empire as Cyrus the Great had conquered Media, Lydia, Ionia and Babylonia within around 11 years of his reign. If this is the case then there must have been reasons as to why the Persian Empire lasted so long.There are a number of factors that must be looked at when trying to ascertain why

Great Rulers and What Makes Them Successful

1667 words - 7 pages Great Rulers and What Makes Them Successful What makes a great ruler? Several great powers in history including Cyrus of Persia, T’ai-tsung, the Duke of Valentine, and Agathocles will be analyzed in order to attempt to answer this question. Based on three readings, these questions will be answered: 1. What are the personal qualities of Cyrus and T’ai-tsung? What is it about these personal

Sunflower Fields

876 words - 4 pages decided to, however, ignore it and enjoy whatever peacefulness I have in the simplicity nature. Basking the incandescence of the sunflowers that reminded me so much of Cyrus. “My towering, brilliant sun.” I whispered quietly to myself. I pictured his radiant blonde locks that rest on his prominent cheek bones. His jade eyes always looked so at home among the great, green stalks. One of my favorite things was just lying in the fields and watching

Herodotus: Greek Historian

7827 words - 31 pages three months later he was tied to a stake ready to be burned. On the pyre Croesus realized what Solon had said, in mere hours he had changed from being the happiest man in the world to the unhappiest man in the world. This story is told many times in regards to tragedies and the Greeks would have great sympathy for him. Croesus tells Cyrus, the king of the Persians, of Solon and he wishes that he could tell all the kings. Cyrus was so moved by

History of the Hebrews

2614 words - 10 pages History of the HebrewsMoving from Mesopotamia to Egypt to Canaan to Jerusalem, the Hebrews were a traveling people with faith in one god. They believed that their god was the only god and vowed to worship him. During their worship, they often experienced great oppression tot their beliefs. Although the Hebrews often experienced difficulty in their quest to worship their god, Yahweh, and to become a united people, their belief in Yahweh allowed

Explain the main features of Darius 1 reign.

1023 words - 4 pages probably made by Cyrus the Great and added large sections of the northern Indian subcontinent to the list of Persian-controlled provinces. There is some controversy concerning India, as it is not mentioned on the Behistan inscription as a province under the control of the Persian Empire, but is mentioned on an inscription at Persepolis on a statue of Darius.About 517 BC a Persian force under Otanes captured the Greek Island of Samos, with Lesbos

Industrialization in America

1316 words - 5 pages , largely due to Irish immigrants, and the canal was open (Holtkamp 1). It was as long as the state and it stretched 365 miles long from Albany to Buffalo connecting the Hudson River to the Great Lakes (Ochoa 2). Not only did the canal help transportation in the state itself, it also prompted merchants to look to America for trade rather than Europe. Canals impacted the country and it industrialization greatly. It connected the North to the Midwest by

Similar Essays

Cyrus The Great Essay

1560 words - 6 pages Cyrus the Great was one of the greatest emperors in the history of the world. He was born in Anshan, a city in the country of Persia. He was born in the year 600 BC. Cyrus was part of the Achaemenid family house. He was named after his grandfather who was a king named Cyrus I. His father’s name was Cambyses I. When Cyrus was around ten years old, people noticed that he did not act like a normal herdsman’s son. People noticed that he was

The Ruole Of Cyrus The Great In Israel's Developing Understanding Of God

3615 words - 14 pages THE ROLE OF CYRUS THE GREAT IN ISRAEL'SDEVELOPING UNDERSTANDING OF GODA RESEARCH PAPER SUBMITTED TOIN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FORTHE COURSE OTSB661, ISAIAHLIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARYLYNCHBURG, VASATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 2013ContentI. Abstract 3II. Introduction 3III. Oracle Concerning Cyrus 4IV. The Role of Cyrus in Isaiah 4V. Who Was Cyrus the Great? 5VI. Cyrus' Relationship with Israel 6VII. The Conditions in Israel 7VIII

The Strong Willed Queen Essay

978 words - 4 pages Most of us have not heard of one of the bravest and most important women in history. Her name was Queen Tomyris of the Massagetea. She stood in the way of the conquests of Cyrus the Great. She lost her son to Cyrus in the war. Despite that, she challenged him to another fight to keep her kingdom free. She got vengeance for her son and protected Greece from capture by Cyrus. In doing this she shaped the known world. Cyrus the Great was the

The World Of Ancient Persia Essay

1771 words - 7 pages In the sixth century B.C, the land that we now call Iran was the center of the largest empire in the world. The kings of Ancient Persia( such as Cyrus the Great) were the leaders of a great civilization that made amazing advances in laws, goverment and communication. Founded in 550 B.C by King Cyrus the Great, the Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. Unlike