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D Day: An Overview Of That Important Day

636 words - 3 pages

June 6th, 1944- the Allied invasion of Northern Europe, also known as, D-Day. The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, was convinced that the only means to beat the Germans was to fight the war on the French soil itself. On the evening of June 5, 1944, more than 150,000 men, a fleet of 5,000 ships and landing craft, 50,000 vehicles, and 11,000 planes sat in southern England, positioned to attack secretly across the English Channel along the Normandy coast of France. This force was the largest fleet in history and represented years of training, planning, and supplying. (Glencoe.com) The goal of this surprise attack was to drive the Germans from France and ultimately destroy the National Socialist regime. In 1939, no army in the world had the experience of amphibious (sea and land) operations. The troops were not equipped with amphibious crafts and did not clearly realize the strategic stake of a landing ...view middle of the document...

To show that we were willing to help and to calm down Staline, the Americans made up an amphibious operation, called operation “Jubilee”. It was an amphibious landing near the town of Dieppe, France, on August 1942. The goal of this attack was to get as much information as possible on the German capacities. Afterward, the three leaders of the Allied countries (Roosevelt, Staline and Churchill) met in Teheran, Iran in order to take military decisions against the Axis forces. The meeting began on November 28, 1943 and ends on December 2nd. The Allied leaders decided to prepare a massive offensive which would allow them to open a second front on the European continent, but at first they did not now were exactly. Eventually they decided that Normandy would be the best place to attack because it was close enough and provided the proper terrain suitable for landing armor on a large scale. Also, Normandy was close enough to allow for Operation Neptune (the naval components, etc. of the invasion). Commanded by U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower, D-Day was launched when weather reports predicted satisfactory conditions on 6 June. Hundreds of ships and planes crossed the English Channel behind dozens of minesweepers. They arrived at the beaches of Normandy right before dawn. Soldiers of six divisions (three American, two British and one Canadian) stormed ashore in five main landing areas, named "Utah", "Omaha", "Gold", "Juno" and "Sword". (Glencoe.com) The fleet is composed of five great forces, one for each of the beaches. Admiral Kirk leads the American sector: Force U (for Utah) based at Plymouth, and Forces O (for Omaha) based at Portland. The British, Canadian and Free France sector is led by the Admiral Vian: Force S (for Sword) based at Portsmouth, Force G (for Gold) based at Southampton, and Force J (for Juno) based at the Isle of Wight. (ddayoverlord.com). By the end of the day, the Americans were able to take the beach and gain a stronghold so reinforcements could enter onto the beach without getting shot at. The number of Allied combat casualties on D-Day is approximated at 10,000, of whom 2,500 died. (ddaymeuseum.co)

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