Speech on the relationship between North and South Korea
Hi! As you know my name is Jae an. You might also know that I am from South Korea. South Korean is having trouble dealing with North Korea at the moment. So, for the next 3 minutes I am going to talk about the RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA. I hope you enjoy it.
Before Korea was divided, it was under the Japanese rule. Our country had suffered a great deal. It was then when the South Korean national flag (태극기) was made by 유관순, a woman who fought for freedom in Korea and died in jail. The Japanese rule finally ended when Japan was defeated in World War II. But, after the Japanese rule the Korean peninsula was divided into two parts. North and South. There is a line that divides the two parts, 삼팔선 (38th parallel) The Soviet Union occupied the North and the United States in the South.
After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the Korean peninsula was occupied by the Soviet Union in the North and the United States in the South. The dividing line was the 38th parallel.
August 15, 1945 - Japan surrenders in World War II, marking the end of Korea under Japanese rule
August 22, 1945 - The Soviet Union enters Pyongyang
September 8, 1945 - The United States enters Seoul
1946 - A US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government is dissolved
1947 - The United Nations establishes the UN Temporary Commission on Korea
May 10, 1948 - UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
August 15, 1948 - The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is established
September 9, 1948 - The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established
South Korean history begins with the division of the Korean Peninsula in 1945. A civilian government was established in 1948, beginning the First Republic. Syngman Rhee becomes the first president.
North Korea was proclaimed on September 11, 1948, under the supervision of the occupying Soviet forces. The Soviets preferred Korean Communists who had spent the war years in the Soviet Union in power, rather than the Communist Party of Korea. Kim Il-sung is named head of the North Korean Provisional People's Committee in February 1946. Kim then became Prime Minister, a post which he held until 1972, before becoming President.
June 25, 1950 - the Korean War begins
July 1950 - UN Forces are formed. UN Forces are driven back to the Pusan Perimeter
September 1950 - UN Troops make an amphibious Landing at Incheon. UN Forces soon reach the Manchurian border
November 1950 - Chinese forces enter the war and UN Forces are pushed back to the 38th Parallel
July 27, 1953 - The Korean Armistice Agreement is signed by UN Forces, North Korea, and China
October 1966-1969 - the Korean DMZ Conflict occurs - it is a series of low-intensity clashes between North Korean troops infiltrating the DMZ and the South Korean and American forces on the...