Ignorance, Poverty, Desperation and Pressure
Doctor Rodolfo Guiang mentions that “there are four reasons why people in the rural areas still adhere to these old beliefs and practices, and these are ignorance, poverty, desperation, and remorse of conscience for breaking tradition” (xvii). It is almost self-explanatory as to why ignorance and poverty could still attribute to the rampant belief of superstition and the solution to both these problems are clearly seen but the latter two are more difficult to address, them being more of an internal problem.
As science and technology has advance through time, it is still as easy to be left behind. The rural areas in the Philippines are more often than not, isolated from the technological advancements urban areas acquire. With the lack of technological advancement in the rural areas, proper education in the area is affected as well. Students in urban areas have the luxury of having access to computers and internet that not a lot of people have in the rural areas. Urban areas also have more or less well stocked libraries that have books on subjects that students would also need. As well as schools that are relatively easier to go to, as compared to the schools in the mountainous rural areas. Even to this day, you can hear stories of students travelling hours on foot to reach their school with unpaved roads. The lack of technological advancement in the rural areas has a direct relationship to the lack of proper education in the said areas.
However, the lack of advancement in the rural areas could also be credited to the lack of funds allocated into improving such. The people living in rural areas also receive lesser salaries than the ones you could receive in more urbanized areas. It is a sad reality in the Philippines that one would need to attain a certain level of education to be qualified for a better-paying job. With the lack of money of the people living in rural areas receive from their salaries, the patients could barely afford the costly fees that doctors and medical examinations require.
Now as Doctor Rodolfo Guiang has mentioned, desperation could also lead to superstitious belief (xvii). Although there has been great advancement in the field of medical science, there are still many limitations to such advancements. There are always cases wherein a patient is already...