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Dangerous Disobedience Essay

3455 words - 14 pages

I believe that in every thousand of born children we can always find a few with outstanding abilities. They can be potential Einstein, Beethoven or madam Curie, but maybe only a very small percentage of them really will be. The World wastes most of the born geniuses because they won't have their chances. I write about Hjalmar Schacht because I think that he was outstanding, but he had only a partial chance to show his ability. He was in a situation when his capacity only for few years was useful. Hjalmar Schacht disallowed to agree to the Nazis and he was taken into custody. He could have been found guilty and sentenced to death because of his rebelliousness. On other hand, because of his noncompliance to the Nazis, Hjalmar Schacht was exonerated in the Nuremberg Trials. The Second World War was a catastrophic event that directly influenced millions of people. By contrast, the Nuremberg Trials (1945-1949), which approved justice for the victims of Nazi war crimes, had a extreme effect upon history but involved only a small number of direct nominees. Although the trials were shown on newsreels and of actual past events in the papers and on radio, for many they remained a distant affair to a society absorbed with rebuilding crushed lives, communities, and economies. From November 20, 1945, until October 1, 1946, the International Military Tribunal (IMT) convened in the principal courtroom for criminal cases (room No. 600) in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice. At the conferences in Moscow (1943), Teheran (1943), Jalta (1945) and Potsdam (1945), the Big Three powers (USA, USSR and Great Britain) had agreed to try and to penalize those responsible for war crimes. Designated by President Harry S. Truman as U.S. legislator and chief counsel at the IMT Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson planned and organized the trial procedure and served as Chief Prosecutor for the USA. He approved Nuremberg as the site for the trials for several reasons. The Palace of Justice was spacious - it had 22,000 square meters of space with about 530 offices and about 80 courtrooms; war damage to it was minimal; and a large, undistorted prison was part of the complex. Since the Soviet Union had wanted the trials to take place in Berlin, the Allies reached a compromise in London on August 8, 1945, which stipulated that Berlin would be the permanent seat of the IMT and that the first trial (several were planned) would take place in Nuremberg.The International Military Tribunal was opened on October 18, 1945, in the Supreme Court Building in Berlin, which had become the seat of the Allied Control Council. The first session was presided over by the Soviet Judge, Iola T. Nikitschenko. The prosecution entered indictments against 24 "major war criminals" and against 6 "criminal organizations": Hitler's Cabinet, the leadership corps of the Nazi party, the SS (party police) and SD (security police), the Gestapo, the SA and the General Staff and High Command of the army. "The...

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