Anthrax is one of the many biological weapons that cause the world to panic. Biological weapons can be described as a weapon that are using material such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, toxin, or other biological agents that can be utilized against human, plants, or animals (Schneider, 2014). Biological weapons have already been used during ancient times. Tossing rotting animals into heavy fortified town to slowly killing the people inside the town, or poisoned the source of water has already been a military strategy long time ago. Biological weapons are feared by many people. These weapons are equally terrifying as Nuclear weapons. Biological weapons can cause widespread diseases, death, and are hard to control. Not to mention some type of Biological weapons are hard to cure also. The use of Biological weapons are banned nowadays, but some facilities around the world still contain some of the Biological weapons and the fear of Biological weapons still exists. Some Biological weapon can only infect one species like human or animals, but some of it can also infect multiple species. The Biological Weapons that are going to be researched are Smallpox, Anthrax, and Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. All of the Biological Weapons mentioned above can infect humans. The main point of this research is to show the readers what kind of Biological weapons that are dangerous and have the highest threat to humanity, along with its description, symptom, and the cure.
Smallpox, a dangerous Biological Weapon that was used during French and Indian wars in year 1754 until 1767 by British forces (Fenner, 1988). In order to win against the Indian, the British distributed blankets that contained the smallpox virus. Obtained from the smallpox patient, the British forces intend to cause outbreak among the Indians, thus lower their spirit to fight back and slowly killing them. After the distribution, the epidemic occurred and killed 50% of the Indian tribe. In 1967, a global campaign that come from World Health Organization or WHO declared an action to eradicate the smallpox, around 1971 researchers found a vaccine to counter the virus of smallpox. In 1977, WHO successfully eradicated smallpox by using vaccinia as smallpox vaccine and the threat of smallpox began to fade from the world.
2.1.2. Description and Symptom
Smallpox spreads from person to person, primarily by droplet nuclei or aerosols expelled from the oropharynx of infected persons and by direct contact. Contaminated clothing or bed linens can also spread the virus (Fenner, 1988, p. 1). Smallpox spread slowly, it spread primarily on household member and nearby neighborhood. At winter and early spring, the virus transmission are the on the highest number, it is because of the virus have their optimal condition during winter and early spring. The symptom occurs 12 or 14 days after the first infection, patient usually experiences high fever, headache,...