For my Project Learning Summary I chose to focus on two people and one movement that I believe have a strong impact on society today. Each of the topics has had an influence during their respective eras, and each proved that their work has gone onto make changes in the world as we see it today. I first looked at Darwin, for his work on natural selection and the significance it has had on science and religion. I then took another look at Booker T. Washington, and how his stance on integration of African Americans into a “white” society was at the end of slavery and what his efforts have done since. Lastly, I looked at the Feminist Movement and the efforts that were taken for improving equality as a whole in society.
1. Charles Darwin’s Historical Significance
In Charles Darwin’s life he had helped make a significant advancement in the way mankind viewed the world. With his observations, he played a part in shifting the model of evolution into his peers’ minds. Darwin’s theory on natural selection impacted the areas of science and religion because it questioned and challenged the Bible; and anything that challenged the Bible in Darwin’s era was sure to create contention with the church. Members of the Church took offense to Darwin’s Origins of Species because it unswervingly contradicted the teachings of the book of Genesis in the Bible. (Zhao, 2009) Natural selection changed the way people thought. Where the Bible teaches that “all organisms have been in an unchanging state since the great flood, and that everything twas molded in God’s will.” (Zhao, 2009) Darwin’s geological journey to the Galapagos Islands is where he was first able to get the observations he needed to prove how various species change over time. (Cloud, Lecture 7) He was the first to argue that those who are best suited for a given environment will live the longest, reproduce more, and pass on their genetic material than the weaker members of that species. (Zhao, 2009) His theory of natural selection was the catalyst for a changing scientific scope of knowledge.
2. Charles Darwin’s Contemporary Significance
Darwin’s ideas not only started a change, but helped inspire his successors to want to better understand the humans place in the world. Darwin’s Origin of Species is one of the most significant texts in history. It gained popularity because of its simplistic writing that could be dispersed to the average person. (Zhao 2009) His work has influenced and reversed the thinking of areas that were untouched because of the fixed theory of G-d creating the world. Evolution has been revolutionary when it comes to biology, and Darwin is to thank for the drastic changes it has brought to scientists today. Before evolution and natural selection became power players in how mankind was created, many believed that humans were not connected to animals. After Darwin’s theory came out, the subject was and still is debated, but people are becoming more accepting of...