James Hutton was born June 3rd, 1726, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a Scottish farmer and a naturalist, later in life he was known as the father of modern geology. (“James Hutton”, 2010)
Hutton thought that sedimentation takes place so slowly that the oldest of rocks are made of, in his words, “materials furnished from the ruins of former continents.” The opposite happens when rock is eroded or decayed from weather or conditions of the area. He called this destruction and renewal the “great geological cycle,” and then realized that it had been happening for many years. Another one of Hutton’s theories was the Theory of Uniformitarianism. That was the idea that geological forces still at works today, were not that noticeable to people but they have a great affect on us, meaning that those forces still work the same as they did in the past. He died March 26th, 1797 in Edinburgh. (Mathez, 2000)
Charles Lyell was born on November 14, 1797 at Forfarshire, Scotland. He was a Scottish lawyer, a geologist as well as a supporter of Uniformitarianism. He was the author of Principles of Geology. His theory was that earth must be very old and that throughout time the planet has undergone processes that change the shape the land. That includes erosion, earthquakes, glacial movements, volcanoes, and the decomposition of dead plants and animals. (Port, 2006)
Thomas Robert Malthus was born on February 13th, 1766, at Dorking, a town south of London. His theory about population was that population growth usually exceeds the amount of food produced for that particular area, so we should try to limit the growth of our population. In his book An Essay on the Principle of Population, As it Effects the Future Improvement of Society, he said that “Overpopulation tends to be a drain resources and that state welfare should be curtailed so that population would level off. If it is not possible to maintain the production of food to satisfy the population, than the population must be kept down to the level of available food.” (Rosenberg, 2009)
Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution was that everything in the world was connected in some way. He was also known for the theory of natural selection. In that he said that the organisms with the better mutations or adaptations will survive; “only the strong will survive.” ("Darwin's theory of”)
Charles Lyell was a major influence to Darwin. That is because Darwin agreed with most of Lyell works and theories for the most part because they helped validate his own work. The ones that he did not agree with he discarded. ...