Darwin´S Theory Of Natural Selection And Primates

1400 words - 6 pages

Darwin’s ideas about organic evolution were drawn from the existing forces of knowledge on evolution developed by Lyell, Malthus, and Lamarck. Although Darwin was not the first thinker about the concept of evolution, he was a revolutionary in developing a theory of evolution that was consistent.
The distinctive element of the evolutionary theory conceived by Darwin is the way he viewed species. Darwin considered variation among individuals of a species to be natural. He further argued that variation, far from being problematic, actually provides the explanation for the existence of distinct species. Darwin adopted elements from Malthus’s theory on population growth and stated that only those members of a population that are capable of adapting through variations survive. Thus, over generations, adaptive variations will accumulate in the population and this results in constant variations within species through time. According to Darwin species are non-static and progressive in nature.
Darwin’s view about specie’s was very different from his contemporaries. Rather than defining species in idealistic terms that involved rejecting deviations and differences within species, Darwin viewed species as ever changing. Carolus Linnaeus classified organisms based on the their degree of similarity. Linnaeus believed that each species existed in an ideal form. He considered variations as problematic and imperfect. Darwin on the other hand was a great believer in the idea of materialism and applied it to his idea of evolution. Darwin’s view about species also differed from Lamarck’s. Although Lamarck advocated that species do change over time but importantly his theory of transformism was different from Darwin’s and modern theory of evolution.
In the midst of the brewing debate over the early theories of evolution came the most compelling theory by Charles Darwin. Darwin explained the variation in species through natural selection, which was the core of his theory of evolution.
The realizations about natural world provided the context for Darwin’s theory of evolution. His theory was supported by evidence from a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including paleontology, geology, genetics and developmental biology. Darwin observed firsthand the power of earthquakes in shaping the landscape in Chile. Hutton and Lyell’s uniformitarianism led Darwin to recognize the dynamic nature of earth’s geology and hence he hypothesized that evolution is a long, gradual process. Furthermore, after reading Cuvier’s studies of fossil and introspecting fossils in South America he observed that these fossils resembled animals native to South America. This suggested to Darwin that an earlier species has transformed in to modern species through a succession of species over time. Adding to this was the Malthusian theory of population, Darwin wrote “it at once struck me that under these circumstances (environmental conditions) favorable variations would tend...

Find Another Essay On Darwin´s Theory of Natural Selection and Primates

Charles darwin natural selection Essay

532 words - 2 pages Charles Darwin, the man who came up the theory of evolution, was born in 1809 feb 12th. He grew up in a Christian home, and when he was old enough, he went to medical school but did not have the stomach for it. He went on to Cambridge University and received his B.A. in theology and classical literature. Soon after he went on a field trip to a geology dig, and in 1831 was offered a job on the merchant ship H.M.S. Beagle, by the United Kingdom to

Natural selection, Charles Darwin Essay

716 words - 3 pages The most important experience of Darwin's life was his trip aboard HMS Beagle as a naturalist. The Beagle left England in 1831, and it returned in 1836. The overall purpose of the voyage was to map uncharted areas of the South American coastline. And then, he wrote the theory of Natural Selection:         One of the prime motives for all species is to reproduce and survive, passing on the genetic information of the species from generation

Darwin and Natural Selection - ANTH100 - Assignment

1269 words - 6 pages , but some also stay the same and others change dramatically. This is occurring due to the process of natural selection. What is natural selection? There is a group of species in a population who are accustomed to the different aspects that occur, such as environmental change. The individuals from that group of species who are the most adaptable to the rapid changes are the ones who have an advantage over those who are not as well suited. The truth

Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and the Evolution of Animals

953 words - 4 pages Darwin’s theory of natural selection has provided us with the explanations of the processes involved in the changes of species over long periods of time. His theory was based on five major assumptions: VARIATION: When Individuals within a species differ from one another in physical characteristics and in their behaviour. HERITABILITY: Some of the variations amongst the members of species is inherited, meaning

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism

562 words - 2 pages book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Darwin decided it was possible for a species to change from one form and develop into another over time. This led him to the notion that all life forms were not fixed, but continuously changing or evolving. The other part of the theory was that living things weren’t the result of many separate creations, but of long, intertwining biological histories. His general idea was that

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism

1232 words - 5 pages In 1859, a biologist named Charles Darwin postulated a scientific theory, which stated that all living organisms evolved through a process of natural selection. According to Stephen Hawking, Charles Darwin claimed that the offspring of a particular species gradually evolved themselves genetically to resist the changes in the environment (573). The theory contended that the organisms could adapt to the changes in the environment through

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism

2923 words - 12 pages Anyone with even a moderate background in science has heard of Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution. Since the publishing of his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859, Darwin’s ideas have been debated by everyone from scientists to theologians to ordinary lay-people. Today, though there is still severe opposition, evolution is regarded as fact by most of the scientific community and Darwin’s book

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism - 790 words

790 words - 3 pages Darwin and Evolution are inextricably linked in the minds of most people who have had the opportunity to study them in basic biology. However, Darwin's theories of selection and survival of the fittest have been applied to moral, economic, political, and other cultural aspects of society. Dennett briefly touched on some of the political and social ramifications of Darwin's theories in the final chapter of Darwin's Dangerous Idea. Other

Reconciling Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and Intelligent Design

1008 words - 4 pages Natural selection is an important component of evolution. Natural selection occurs when some members of a population are better fit for survival and reproduction than the others in that population (Phelan 284-85, 2011). The environment in which organisms live plays a part in natural selection as well. Depending on the conditions of the environment, the organisms may pass down selected traits to their offspring. These selected traits will allow

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, Social Darwinism and Hitler

2135 words - 9 pages better species; and by natural selection, the idea that the environment “edits” out the genes that are not able to survive and over time the organism that has survived will have adapted so all of it’s offspring will have the gene to adapt (Hanes). These two theories differ in the sense that social Darwinism deals with “survival of the fittest,” and Darwinism is the “struggle for survival”(Lennox). Darwinism was the starting point that soon led

Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection, Social Darwinism and the Catholic Church

1431 words - 6 pages adapted to survive. This idea of applying survival of the fittest to human society led to the control of lesser races and during the time of Charles Darwin, religious controversy. The Control of Lower Races Charles Darwin’s controversial idea of Natural Selection in which only those species successfully adapted to their environment will flourish and survive to pass those favored traits, and those who don’t survive become extinct. In his

Similar Essays

Evolution And Charles Darwin´S Natural Selection

830 words - 4 pages the fact of where we came from, or at least, science's theory about it. Darwin's theory of natural selection is a very big part of evolution, showing the gradual adaptation of characteristics in species. Natural selection is the gift of new beneficial adaptations to animals of a species, for the purpose of survival. The good traits are kept through the survival and reproduction of animals with the traits. The bad traits will be eliminated

Charles Darwin And The Theory Of Evolution By Natural Selection

530 words - 2 pages and intelligent, also he came up with an idea to explain how evolution could happen - natural selection.Charles Darwin worked on his idea of natural selection for 20 years, he was contacting other scientists to try and gather more evidence to support his ideas.Charles Darwin kept some pet pigeons. They were all many different shapes and colours. Darwin knew that they were all from the same species so he realised that animals or plants from the

Charles Darwin And Natural Selection Essay

1109 words - 4 pages One of the most influential people in modern day biology and geology is Charles Darwin. His advances in the fields still have impact to this day. His theory of Natural Selection made tidal waves through the scientific community all across the world. Darwin’s theories and studies are still a topic of conflict. Many Christians still dispute his theories, standing strong to their ideas of Creationism. Biographical Information On February 12

Charles Darwin And Natural Selection Essay

2030 words - 8 pages Charles Darwin And Natural SelectionCharles Darwin revolutionized biology when he introduced The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859. Although Wallace had also came upon this revelation shortly before Origins was published, Darwin had long been in development of this theory. Wallace amicably relinquished the idea to Darwin, allowing him to become the first pioneer of evolution. Darwin was not driven to publish his finding