A dystopia could be described as a horrendous vision of events to occur in the near future which can be depicted in David Mitchells’ book, Cloud Atlas, where the author mentions of polluted lands, waters and air (Mitchell, 2004). Such a dystopian wasteland is imminent in Rosia Montana, Romania where a substantial gold mining project managed by Gabriel Resources Ltd, a Canadian firm, might demolish three villages and four mountains, and build up a considerable reservoir for 214 million tons of cyanide waste which is used to extract gold from ore (BBC, 2013). Although several ethical dilemmas can be depicted by this, the author chose to emphasize whether CFO, Jonathan Henry alongside the board of directors should continue with this over 12 year old project and ruin its reputation further (share price is considerably affected) and destroy the environment or convey the $585 million invested already and pursue legal action under investment protection treaties which could cost Romania billions of dollars (Buckley, 2013).
Such an immense gold mining project has never been attempted in Europe which would extract 330.5 tonnes of gold and 1,628.4 tonnes of silver (Zaharia, 2010, p.5) at the cost of infecting surrounding rivers, including the Danube alongside physical, chemical, and biological degradation of land (Ştefănescu et al. 2011, p.3) and atmospheric pollution (with particulate matters, gas, and aerosols). The CFO of the Canadian mining company persists in reassuring the population by stating that it will meet the highest industry standards and that the pollution circumstances will be resolved in accordance to the European Union standards (Zaharia, 2010, p.6) which Shrivastava and Siomkos (1989, pp. 26-30) and Vassilikopoulou and Siomkos et al. (2009, pp. 174—180) would categorize as a denial crisis response. Even though the organisation acts in accordance with the law, their tactics are perverted and unethical by putting pressure on the locals. For example, an individual from the community specified that the company corrupted/bought the local doctor and priest so that they moved to a different location. This forced the locals to travel whenever they needed medical assistance or whenever they needed a burial service. This initiative has been held back by an association consisting of local residents for more than a decade by using volunteer lawyers (Jamasmie, 2013). If the mining project will commence, the economics that dictate to the politics will seal the road to a sustainable disaster in an "era of sustainable development” (Zaharia, 2010, p.1).
It is a relevant ethical dilemma because it is a situation in which an ethical decision needs to be made by a businessman (CFO of Gabriel Resources) where viable options to this case are available which will be judged further in this essay by applying ethical theory and concepts.
By Kohlberg’s (1969) stages of cognitive moral development (SoCMD) cited in Crane and Matten (2010, p.154) Gabriel...