Dbq 1993 Although New England And The Chesapeake Region Were Both Settled Largely By People Of English Origin, By 1700 The Regions Had Evolved Into Two Distinct Societies. Why Did This Difference In Development Occur?

1082 words - 4 pages

Isabel Olivas Eliason AP U.S. History 6 September 2014 The New World was a marvel and a chance to make it big in the 1600s. England took its gamble at building colonies in the unsettled region of what is now the east coast. It then was separated into two regions, New England and the Chesapeake. Even though they were both founded by the English, their differences in religion, unity, and motives evolved their societies into polar opposites. In New England, unity was a way of life. They believed in a balance of "some must be rich [and] some poor," (Doc A) but also believed in the idea of charity to "supply of others' necessities." (Doc A) When these beliefs were combined, it created a relationship between colonists that was previously not practiced by settlers before them. New England greatly embraced the idea of a "together" colony. They believed that a successful and plentiful colony needed to have members that "rejoice together, mourn together, [and] labor and suffer together" (Doc A) to create a bond that themselves and especially God would be proud of. Even before they set sail, they made sure to travel in groups of families such as the Hull family, who brought "his wife, two sons and his five daughters" (Doc B) along with their tailor Musachiell Bernard and "his wife Mary and two sons John and Nathaniel."(Doc B) This meant the citizens had people they could rely and depend on, along with the welcoming new colonists. In this way, the New England colonists grew more unified, whereas the Chesapeake Region never set unity as a priority. On the ship's list to the Chesapeake Region, it states there were "sixty-three men in between the ages of 14 and 40" (Doc C) with nothing listed to the thought of a family member or any relationship at all. This leads to the conclusion of a every man for himself mentality, having nothing waiting for them except for a master to work for. This type of mentality led to more conflict and less cooperation between the settlers in the Chesapeake Region. Such non cooperation of the settlers led to problems of even defending the borders, as Governor Berkley proclaimed that they had "more miles to defend then men of trust to defend them." (Doc G). The distrust then turned to the government and was then tried to over throw, with the philosophy that it was run by "parasites whose tottering fortunes [had] been repaired and supported at the public charge." (Doc E) In turn, the New England colonies thrived together in harmony while the Chesapeake Region constantly fueled conflict, leading them into a stressed and hostile society. New England had a set plan for their colony, and that was to be a "city upon a hill." (Doc A) They wanted a perfect society, and for it to be accomplished they needed to have a strict set of rules or guidelines to follow, such as having "rich and poor" (Doc D) citizens. Another needed moral was to make sure that every family was provided for, including a "convenient proportion for a house lot" (Doc D) so...

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