In the 1600’s and 1700’s Europe had much going on when it came to government. France along with Russia had absolute monarchs who had a vast amount of power and wealth. However England was doing the opposite by trying to limit royal power, they also protected the rights of some of their people. No government is perfect though, seeing as there are advantages and disadvantages to both absolutism and democracy. Nonetheless, the 17th and 18th century enlightened European nations would be most successful with a democracy. The freedoms of people, which many well-like philosophe of this time expanded upon, would be protected in this type of government. Revolts would also be prevented without the use of fear in a democracy. This too allows powers to be spread out, so a head alone doesn’t make all the decisions. Following the enlightenment European nations would strongly benefit from a Democracy compared to Absolutism. ...view middle of the document...
5) these of which are all incased in the government known as a democracy. Voltaire even agrees “the best government seems to be that in which all ranks of men are equally protected by the law.” (doc.4) People aren’t just here to “carry out commands given to them” (doc.3) they have a voice and it will be heard if they use a democracy.
Under a Democracy people “can then refuse to obey laws” (doc.5) if the government wrongs them. Revolts can happen and are aloud if the government messes up. This is compared to Machiavelli’s (doc.1) thoughts that a head must use fear to control his people so they don’t turn against him. “Governments are established” (doc.5) when people willingly give up their consent to a political power (a social contract). However if the people have a democracy and the government goes against its word trying “to destroy or take away the property of people or try to reduce them to slavery” (doc.5) they as the people have the right to revolt. If the government promises you something that’s not happen you have the right to reject the laws if your country is a democracy.
Under a Democracy the powers of the government are spread out to three different branches; “executive, legislative and judicial.” (doc.6) This allows for checks and balances in the government. This protects the people and the state from a power-hungry king who sits on a throne all day believing he has divine power, getting to decide “to create or destroy, make or unmake at his pleasure, to give life or sent death.” (doc.2) A democracy doesn’t rely on a “head alone “(doc.3) but a system of powers to decide important decisions.
The Enlightenment left a big impact on European nations, so why shouldn’t there government reflect all that they have learned. A democracy showcases positive ideas from the enlightenment that embrace the natural rights of humans protecting those rights as well (even from their own government). To make sure that the government doesn’t lose the trust of its people it has a system set up to make sure power is used correctly. That way no one revolts against the government (however if need be, they can). In the 17th and 18th century the most effective government would be a Democracy.