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Dbq Chesapeake And New England Essay

911 words - 4 pages

! As english interest sparked in the new world, two colonies were formed along the east
coast, Chesapeake colony in 1607 and New England in 1629. Although they were both English
colonies they developed into two distinct societies. This is because of the differing climate and
geography of the regions, the two groups' reasons for settling, and the demographics of those
who settled. These three factors show how a settlement of unified Protestant families grow to
differ economically and socially from the independent, profit minded men who founded the
Chesapeake.
The motives of the colonies for settling set the foundation for each colonies' future. The
Chesapeake region was founded by a joint stock company solely for profit. They were
unprepared and not ready for what they were going to face. Because of this the colony suffered
very badly in its beginning stages. John Smith, who saves the colony, gives a terrible description
of the colony at its early stages perhaps to make himself sound more heroic. The people had to
undergo heavy manual labor and a lot of illness and disease that killed a lot of the population. In
the early stages there was no leadership and the president even hoarded food for himself. They
had used up all the food that was given to them and were in desperate need for help as of 1624.
(doc 6) A long with the purpose, the demographics of settlers in the Chesapeake colony led to the
development of a distinct culture. A ship log of all passengers heading to the colony in 1635
shows the vast majority being middle aged male passengers. (doc 3) This shows young men
looking to make fortunes and start new lives in America. A lot of these men were indentured
servants that were needed to feed the growth of Tobacco.
In contrast the purpose and plan of the puritans founding Massuchusetts bay was for
religious freedom. They planned on settling permanently, so they were much more organized and

planned out leading to greater success that the Chesapeake in the early development of the
colonies. John Winthrope planned it to be a "city on a hill," meaning they were going to set an
example for all others to see.(doc 1) With this John Withrope is speaking to his people to give
them motivation and gave them a purpose to strive for success. They had to be successful or else
they will fail and be forgotten. Part of their initial purpose by working as a community and
making "other's conditions our own." A ship log made in 1635 shows all the passengers headed
for Massachusetts bay. This log shows exactly how organized the colony was. It shows families
that moved over together with skilled members like artisans. Unlike the Chesapeake family life
was very important. They were setting up a permanent place for their family to practice their
religion and for their community to prosper and work...

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