Dbq Wwi Treaty Of Versailles Essay

993 words - 4 pages

The conclusion of the first World War, brought about by America's last minute involvement, hoisted President Wilson on the shoulders of the world. He was buoyed with ideas of the future and, most importantly, a League of Nations. But upon his return he was met with opposition from all sides. The Treaty of Versailles never had a chance to breath as Wilson pushed for it be accepted his way and his opponents stalled for time while expressing their discontent for the document.Wilson's Fourteen Points caused disagreement the moment they were released. The republican's grumbling would come to fruition when the war had finally settled down and Wilson went to help with the making of the treaty in Europe. This itself caused strife as Wilson's journey appeared to be flamboyancy on his part, especially since he neglected to add any Republican senators to his official party, even Henry Lodge who was the chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign RelationsThe real trouble began when the Senate had to approve the treaty. Lodge, the antithesis of Wilson, stalled the document and used the time to divide public opinion. In a political cartoon of the era, it shows the Senate breaking through a window to stop the 'marriage' between Uncle Sam and his bride, Foreign Entanglements, who were being wedded by the 'League of Nations' priest. The cartoon exemplifies just how opposed the senate was to the whole ordeal. Wilson again appealed directly to the American masses. Wilson pleaded with them to accept the treaty, claiming it was the only hope of preventing future wars. The whole ordeal caused Wilson to collapse from physical and nervous exhaustion. While Wilson was out of the picture, Lodge took this time to create his own Fourteen Points. Wilson, enraged, claimed that these Lodge Reservations weakened the treaty, even though he accepted similar reservations from democrats.This blatant stubbornness was only the beginning. When it came time to vote for the treaty, Wilson cried that no "true" democrat would vote for the treaty with Lodge's points attached to it. The democrats blindly followed this order both times the treaty was voted on. Herbert Hoover, a man known for voluntary actions and progressive movement, vainly tried to reason with Wilson the day of the first voting, November 19, 1919. Hoover tried to explain to Wilson that "the League once in motion it can within itself and from experience and public education develop such measures as will make it effective." Wilson did not listen to Hoover's advice and persisted in his all or nothing campaign.Wilson wanted the treaty passed so badly, as demonstrated by his vigorous touring for the treaty and his collapse from the stress of it all, and yet called for all or nothing from the people. Wilson would accept it no other way except his way. If he had allowed for the treaty to be passed with the Lodge Reservations then at least the League of Nations would be up on it's feet and America would be apart of the League,...

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