Dealing With Wicked Problems Essay

2213 words - 9 pages

Dealing with Wicked problems
Finding solutions


A problem can be defined as subject of concern between what is desired and what an actual situation is there, which makes it difficult to achieve a desired goal, purpose. A solution of a problem is an act performed in order to reduce the effects of the current situation and which gives direction to accomplish the goal or objective.
Planning is a way to respond to the changes occurring in the environment around a person systematically. Planning is an approach towards the problem solving rationally. It can be taken as a remedial tool for creating change in the current situation in systematic and efficient way.
A problem in a planning profession will be

The solution found by planners to varied situations in practice very dependent on the certain criteria like social, economic, environmental, and political. The evaluation of a solution on these criteria defines the success of a solution.
The new definition of the planning problems was given by Rittle and Webber in their path breaking article (Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning) 1973 article they declared that the ways for solving problems by linear method for problem solving are over and this is the effect of the change in the modern society and increasing social complexities which makes them difficult to define the problems and also that the dependency is based on political reasoning. [1]
According to the complexities involved in the problem, and methodologies used for solving the problems, planning problems can be categorized into three categories, Tame problems, Wicked problems and Super wicked problems.
The Tame problems are the ones which have a well defined problem statement and the rational approach of problem solving with traditional pattern of problem solving of like problem formulation, goal identification, data collection, data analysis, create and compare alternatives then finally implementation can lead to a definite solution within a given time and resources.. The solutions for tame problems can be evaluated on the various constraints and on their relative nature to the other similar type of problems. The solutions for these problems can be tried out, assessed for its effects and abandoned. (Conklin, J, 2001, p.11).
Wicked problems are the problems which are difficult to define as they have interrelated controversies and contextual ties associated with strong ethical, political and professional issues. The dependence of these problems on views of stakeholders about the makes it difficult to formulate a problem and also to execute process of solving such problem. These problems end up with the solutions which are not good or bad, but which are based on a time, money, resources, and analysis skills of a person who is solving the problem. The post implementation effects of a problem decide upon the success and strength in solving the problem correctively and efficiently. The effects are dependent on the...

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