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Death Camps Essay

1154 words - 5 pages

During World War II the Nazis set out to exterminate all of the Jews in Europe. If they succeeded in killing all the Jews in Europe, they were going to kill all the Jews in the world. To get this job done they established concentration camps across Europe (“Concentration”). These camps were places of torture and held the Jews like they were some sort of pest. These concentration camps were the most dangerous places on Earth during the Holocaust. Two of these concentration camps were the most deadly, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Treblinka.

Auschwitz, was the largest and arguably the most deadly of all of the Nazi’s death camps. This “death factory” opened up in 1940 and immediately began to kill off the Jews (“Auschwitz”). Auschwitz was the largest camp and stretched over twenty-five miles square miles. The camp was so big that it had to be split into three camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II, and Auschwitz III. Auschwitz I was the main camp and was where the Nazi’s preformed medical experiments on the Jews and where the camp housed some of its prisoners. Auschwitz II was the part of the camp that did nothing but kill. By the end of the Holocaust over a million Jews died that were located at Auschwitz; a large part of these deaths were because of this second camp at Auschwitz. Lastly, Auschwitz III was just the place where the Jews tried to live at (“Auschwitz Concentration”).

The germans built the Auschwitz camp because of the overload of arrests that the soldiers were making. At the death camp “ Auschwitz” The was many building, there was twenty eight two story buildings that house seven hundred prisoners. When the prisoner first started living there, there was no furniture or any place for the men to sleep. The water that supplied the prisoners something to drink in the camp was, two wells that the prisoners had to dig. When the camp was rebuilt they installed toilets and beds for the prisoners; however, there was way more than the limit to the beds. The prisoners had a hard life and didn't get any free lime or luxury.

As the Jews arrived at the death camp they went through a process called selection. Selection determined whether the Jews would even have a chance to survive. If the Jews were seen as not being fit for labor and work then they would be sent immediately to the gas chambers, but if they were in decent shape then they would be sent to the camp. The general rule for selection was that children under age fourteen, men over fifty, and women over forty-five were exterminated (“Lace”). The Jews that did make it out of the selection did not have a very good chance of surviving. This was due to them not getting enough to eat, hygiene, diseases, and ridiculous amounts of man labor.

The Jews were forced to do work while at Auschwitz, so if they did not they would be murdered on spot. There were a selected amount of Jews that worked for Nazi’s called the “Sonderkommando” that worked in the crematorium. These Jews had to...

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