Death In The Gulf Essay

916 words - 4 pages

One year after the worst oil spill in history, a sorry legacy of enduring damage, a people wronged and a region scarred remains (NRDC.org). The BP oil explosion killed eleven employees and spewed approximately one-hundred-and-seventy-million gallons of toxic crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico (NRDC.org).The explosion was caused by a blowout preventer failure which was caused by a piece of drill pipe that resulted in the worst oil spill tragedy in American history. The Gulf of Mexico is the focal point of America’s southeastern region’s economic growth. However, the gulf experienced an agonizing vile catastrophe that affected several thousands miles of coastline. The BP oil spill is undoubtedly the worst oil spill in American history due to the grotesque aftereffects of the region.
BP’s massive oil spill was caused by a variation of machinery malfunctions which lead to the massive explosion. The rigs blowout preventer was the main cause of the BP oil spill and explosion. The blowout preventer sits at the well side of exploratory wells and are supposed to lock in place to prevent a spill in case of an explosion (Huffintonpost.com). A Norwegian firm was hired by the government to test the blowout preventer and claimed the drill pipe was positioned within the well-bore causing it to buckle and bow as the well lost control, impending the shear rams (Huffintonpost.com). Shear rams are in a blowout preventer that cut, or shear, through drill pipe and form a seal against pressure (Huffintonpost.com). The blowout preventer failed to work properly because the piece of drill pipe kept its blind shear rams from sealing the well components (Huffintonpost.com). The trapped piece of drill pipe prevented a key failsafe device from properly sealing off the blow oil well that caused the massive oil spill (Huffintonpost.com). The firm also indicated that some of the rigs back-up control systems did not preform as intended (Huffintonpost.com). Several months after the explosion BP’s three hundred-ton device was raised from the seafloor (Huffintonpost.com). The investigation as to what caused the rig explosion and oil spill caused suspicion as to why periodic testing and verification of the back-up control systems were not maintained (Huffintonpost.com). Due to the improper maintenance and verification of the rig many people and animals were effected.
The deranged abomination of BP’s oil spill affected sixteen-thousand miles along the gulf coast. Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi ware the main states affected by the oil spill. In July 2010 the gushing well was plugged; however, oil is still washing up on to shores around the gulf area (Dosomething.org). In Louisiana, out of four-hundred miles of the shore side coast, one-hundred and twenty-five miles was polluted by the oil spill (Dosomething.org). Over one-thousand animals were killed...

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