Many families suffer from dysfunctions. In the Death of a Salesman written by Arthur Miller, you have a dysfunctional family, Willy thinks he is an advanced salesmen getting cheated out of an amazing opportunity in New York, Linda believes her husband Willy is mentally sane and that he just has bad luck, Happy says he’s a salesmen when he has been keeping his real work hidden from his family, and Biff has been bouncing around from job to job down west. Willy, Linda, Biff, and Happy use self-deception as a means to mentally escape the reality of their lives. Biff is the only character who becomes self-aware by the end of the play.
Biff is the only one who realizes that he and his family have been living a huge lie and when he tries to get everyone to realize what he has, they don’t believe him. “Oh maybe it was the steering wheel again. I don’t think Angelo knows the Studebaker.” (Miller 91) This shows that Linda isn’t acknowledging the problem with Willy. She is hiding and pretending that Willy is fine and nothing is wrong with him. “Well, he’s been doing very big things in the west. But he decided to establish himself here. Very Big. We’re having dinner. Did I hear your wife had a boy?” (Miller, 91) Biff isn’t or hasn’t been doing anything big in the west. He was in jail. He hasn’t been able to hold a job. This shows how Willy will make his own reality to make him and his family sound successful. “The man doesn’t know who we are! The man is going to know! To Willy: We never told the truth for ten minutes in that house!” (Miller, 131) Biff tells everyone that they have been living in lies but Happy and Willy think Biff is nuts when in fact Biff is the most logical person there.
The Loman family lives in a make believe world and the only one who is able to brake from this fairy tale is Biff Loman but his ideas are very unacceptable to his family. “And it is the truth his father’s cheap philandering in its impact on a nature already weakened by a die of illusion in turn paralyzes him.” (Foster) Willy Loman never actually told excepts the truth and to that he is blind to his failures. “Biff, having learned from his father’s sacrifice, proclaims the weakness of Willy’s ambitions and will head up west again.” (Foster) After Willy dies Biff realizes what he has to do because he lived a in a lie. “Happy, as if in duty to Willy’s memory, will stay behind in the hope –probably futile- of licking the system on its own terms.” (Foster) After Willy Loman’s death, Happy decides to pick up where Willy left off, a world filled with lies.
Willy Loman, Linda Loman, and Happy Loman fail to realize that their entire lives have been but one huge lie. Biff, the oldest son has followed the footsteps as the rest of his family until Bill Oliver didn’t see him. When Biff comes to face to face with this information he is shoved into reality. When biff tries to get his family to understand what he has learned, his father breaks down mentally and kills himself, his...