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Death Of Osama Bin Laden: Effect On Al Qaeda

1017 words - 5 pages

Osama Bin Laden (OBL) , an arch-terrorist and founder of the Al-Qaeda , an extremist Islamist terrorist group was assassinated on May , 2011 in a covert US operation (Kit field , 2013) . For some sections of the populace , the news of his death was cause for celebration as it symbolized justice and victory against a wave of terrorist activist that had been orchestrated and initiated by this Islamist leader . For , jihadist supporters and the Al Qaeda group , they mourned losing a charismatic leader , who had provided both inspiration and operational advice , funded their activities and unified the group . Before his death , experts had predicted one of three outcomes for Al-Qaeda in the ...view middle of the document...

The defecation of key leaders has led to weakening of the group’s central leadership and as a result, its strategies and alliances have also changed and shifted. The group is now more decentralized with units strewn around the world, their agendas are more localized and its recruiting and radicalizing new distant groups to carry out attacks for them (Jenkins, 2012). Al-Qaeda is believed to have relocated its key base of operation from Pakistan and Afghanistan to either Yemen or Somali as terrorist attacks Bin Laden's death may also signal a further relocation of al-Qaeda's senior leadership from Pakistan and Afghanistan to either Yemen or Somalia. This is because the percentage of terrorist attacks sparked off from Pakistan and Afghanistan have declined from 100% to 75% in 2001 to 50% in 2010.
Since the death of OBL, other extremist Islamic terror networks affiliated to the Al-Qaeda have stemmed up. These shoot offs; the Boro Haram of Nigeria responsible for killing hundreds of Christians in Nigeria and the Al-Shabab from Somali responsible for multiple bombings in the East African region have pledged their alliance to Al-Qaeda and remain committed to the nihilistic and barbaric ideologies propagated by the group. A group of lone jihad fanatics and Al-Qaeda sympathizers are also emerging as stand-alone terror threats. These self-proclaimed jihad warriors carry out attacks on their own, with no orders or direction from terror networks but are guided by the philosophies and ideas propagated by OBL and his extremist group. For example Mohamed Merah a self-proclaimed mujahid (Islamic warrior) killed seven people in Europe.
Scholars and experts hold differing views about far-reaching impacts that OBL’s death has had on Al-Qaeda. However, most tend to agree that although the death of Osama bin Laden may have uprooted the face of the terror group, the fight against terrorism is far from over. His ideologies of global jihad against local and far enemies continue to spread and strengthen Al-Qaeda’s...

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