Dr. Eric Luttrell
12 June 2017
Anckar, Carsten. "Why Countries Choose The Death Penalty." Brown Journal Of World Affairs 21.1 (2014): 7-25. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Jun. 2017.
This article, written by Carsten Anckar, talks about the abolition of the death penalty and how it was brought to major attention after World War II. The death penalty was particularly brought to forefront because of the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which the United Nations General Assembly adopted in 1948.” (Anckar 2014) Throughout the article, Anckar talks about how even though multiple treaties were signed after World War II to abolish the death penalty, the real impact of those treaties did not start taking effect until the 1980’s. The article, “Starts with an account of regional variances in death penalty usage over time, and then proceeds to study the extent to which form of government, population size, socioeconomic development, colonial heritage, dominant religion, and ethnic fragmentation are statistically related to death penalty usage.” (Anckar 2014)
Carsten Anckar, the author of this article, is a professor of political science at Åbo Akademi University, located in Finland. I believe that the author has expertise on this particular topic because of his background as a political science professor. His motives for this article were probably to teach his students more through his writings or for his students to use in class. I think that the intended readership or audience is either his students, or other students doing research on the topic of the death penalty. Yes it is peer-reviewed.
Beardsley, Meg, et al. "Disquieting Discretion: Race, Geography & The Colorado Death Penalty In The First Decade Of The Twenty-First Century." Denver University Law Review 92.3 (2015): 431-452. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Jun. 2017.
“This article,” written by Meg Beardsley, “Demonstrates through original statistical research that prosecutors in Colorado were more likely to seek the death penalty against minority defendants than against white defendants.” (Beardsley 2015) The article also talks about how in Colorado the death penalty has really become a political issue in the past few years because most prosecutors are looking to use the death penalty towards minorities, especially African Americans, more often than other punishments which is not okay in the opinion of Beardsley. The author then goes on to break down constitutionally why she thinks that the death penalty should be abolished and that the defenders on death row should be spared.
The author, Meg Beardsley, is a professor at the University of Denver Sturm College. She was formerly a law clerk in a Colorado state district court, which helped her tremendously with her research to write this article. I believe that the motivation for this article was to make the Colorado government rethink the decision to allow the death penalty to...