On March 6, 1857 the controversial ruling of the Dred Scott vs. Stanford case was given causing dissention in the nation. The Supreme Court ruled over whether Dred Scott was a free slave and if slavery will expand to the new territories. The Court permitted slavery in the New Territories. It declared Scott was property, and therefore he was not free based on the Fifth Amendment, which says the right to property cannot be infringed upon. This meant he was not a free man even though he had returned from a free state. The Court decided that slaves were not American citizens. Meaning Scott or any other slave did not have the right to sue in federal court. This caused major issues between four major political groups: the Fire Eaters, the Republicans, the Abolitionists, and my political party, the Northern Democrats.
We, as the Northern Democratic Party, believe that the problems in the area of slavery should be kept on the state level. We propose to keep slavery where it is already established, mainly in the south, and to not allow slavery in the Northern states, where it has already been set that slavery will not be instituted. In the new territories, the doctrine of popular sovereignty, which is the principle that that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of the majority of its people, should be implemented. This way the majority in the state agrees upon how the slave policy is implemented. We believe the best solution at this point is to make a compromise that suits all sides so we can avoid dividing the union and risking a civil war.
The Fire Eaters are fighting for the widespread of slavery everywhere in the United States. This idea is actually impossible to implement into the changing society of the United States. First, slaves are not needed in most the new territories because these lands are not geographically suited for cultivation. Second, this will anger the Abolitionists and the Republicans. We, the Northern Democrats, just want all sides to make a compromise over the issues and try to simmer down all these dramatic emotions. Third, secession is not the option. Secession is mentioned multiple times by the Fire Eaters and they need to realize that this will destroy our Nation. They are thinking too morally, and only about losing their way of life they have known for so long. They cannot picture a life without their “property”, whom are actually human beings of a different race, to beat and force to work for them inhumanly. They need to come to an understanding that there can be a compromise for them to obtain what they want. They can do this by agreeing that slavery remains where it is already established, and the new territories are decided on through popular sovereignty. This way slavery is not abolished and they still have a chance of the practice of it being extended to some of the new territories.
Adding to the problem of their idea of secession. It is not plausible at all. How do they plan to...