Decent Work In Australia Essay

1658 words - 7 pages

Decent work is best achieved with the creation of a strong economy that generates employment opportunities for the people whilst protecting their rights as workers. This adheres to its very concept of providing opportunities for men and women to achieve a decent and productive work.The International Labor Organization (ILO) defined decent work as a productive work carried out in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity (‘International Labor Organization’, 2000). Over the years, ILO has been promoting decent work not only through the creation of jobs but those with acceptable quality. This notion of decent work comprise of four components: employment, social protection, workers’ rights and social dialogue.Employment covers all kinds of works with both quantitative and qualitative dimensions. Hence, decent work can be applied not only to the workers in the economy but also to those unregulated workers, self employed and home workers. It also refers to the sufficient job opportunities, fair remuneration, safety at work and healthy working conditions. Social and income security is also an important element which is identifiable based on the capacity of the society and the degree of its development. The two other elements stressed the social relations of workers. This involve their basic rights and social dialogue where in they expressed their views, uphold their interests and negotiate work related issues with employers and authorities (Ghai, 2003).There are three elements necessary for the achievement of decent work: the need for jobs, honoring core labor standards and the pursuit of improvement in the quality of work. The need of more jobs is central in the decent work paradigm. Jobs are what people want and to have a decent one, they must have a job first. The second essential element is the respect for labor standards. These standards include the prohibition of forced and child labor, freedom of association and the right for collective bargaining, equal remuneration for men and women and non discrimination in the workplace. Those jobs that do not respect these standards are not considered to be decent. In fact they are regarded as indecent work: work in harmful conditions where it would be better for people not to work at all (Fields, 2003).The third element and perhaps the most important is the improvement of the quality of jobs. Jobs alone are not enough even those that acknowledge the labor standards. It is important tat the other aspects of the jobs are considered. Security, respect and dignity of work are important aspects in any working environment.The different actors of employment relations have varying views in regard to decent work. For trade unions, decent work encompasses the freedom to express their views and have a representation. The institutional framework consist of the legal support for union membership, legal unity of trade unions, acceptance of collective bargaining and the legitimization of...

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