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Deception And Motivation In Macbeth Essay

828 words - 4 pages

In everyday setting people pretend to hide their real personalities, faults and avoid negative consequences. Appearance that contrasted with reality is an important theme in the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare. The playwright portrayed the theme in the figure of Macbeth as he deceived the other characters in the play. The need to hide his intention of becoming king, to conceal the crime that he has committed and the influence his wife, Lady Macbeth motivated Macbeth to project an image different from reality. The desire to have throne urged Macbeth to appear loyal to Duncan while harboring the thoughts of murdering the king. In order to hide the fact that he killed the king, Macbeth ...view middle of the document...

After the coronation, Macbeth was suspicious that Banquo had found out that he had murdered the king thus he made actions to deceive Banquo by mentioning to him about their “…bloody cousins are bestowed / In England and in Ireland, not confessing / Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers/ With strange invention…” (3.1). His words suggest that he tried to deceive Banquo by telling him news about the two sons of the king who are the suspects of the murder of their father. As soon as Banquo left, Macbeth revealed to the audience his reasons of misleading his friend when he said to himself “… Our fears in Banquo / Stick deep, and in his royalty of nature / Reigns that which would be feared… There is none but he / Whose being I do fear…” his statement expressed his fears of Banquo. Macbeth is motivated to deceive Banquo because he is afraid that Banquo would figure out that he murdered Duncan.
Lady Macbeth motivated Macbeth to deceive other people by giving him pieces of advice. Unlike the first two characters, there is no supported evidence that Macbeth deceived his wife. Instead, his wife influences him to deceive the people around them. Before Duncan visited Inverness, Lady Macbeth advised Macbeth to “…Look like th' innocent flower, / But be the serpent under ’t…”(1.5). Her words encouraged Macbeth to deceive Duncan by presenting himself as a trustworthy general and...

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