Children’s voice shouting in parades, spinning noise-makers, giant flags of red, white, and blue waving in every corner of the street, fireworks light up the night sky, friends and family gathering around with big smile on their faces; it is not somebody’s birthday nor it is an ordinary day. It is a true festival, a country’s birthday. The Fourth of July marks the anniversary of the glorious day in 1776 when America, as a new nation declared to the world its independence from monarchs. Because of the importance of this day, thus, the Declaration of Independence can be considered as one of the most influential documents in American History. Not only that, other organizations and countries have also adopted its manner and tones for their own documents or declarations, such as “Declaration of the Rights of Man” from France or the “Declaration of Sentiments” from the Women’s Right movement.
After the Congress ratified the text on July Fourth, the Declaration of Independence had been issued in several forms. It was originally published as a printed broadside that was generally distributed and read to the public. Nevertheless, although the wording was approved on the Fourth of July, most historians have concluded that “it was signed almost a month later after its adoption, not on July Fourth as is commonly believed” . The Declaration not only justified the independence of the United States of America by listing colonial complaints against King George III, but it also asserted certain and legal rights, including the right of evolution. Nonetheless, after the American Revolution, the original purpose of the text was ignored. Since then, the Declaration of Independence can only be viewed as a major statement on human rights. Yet, the question was raised among the people, “Why it is important to know about it?”
In order to gain a further understanding of the Declaration of Independence, we will take a look at the idea of mercantilism and some of the events and actions that led to development of independence. So what does mercantilism mean? According to the Oxford dictionary, it is the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism. In another word, it is the idea that colonies existed only for the Mother Country. At that period of time, according to mercantilism, the wealth of the world was fixed. Hence, if a country wanted to increase wealth, the nation had two options: explore or make war. By colonizing America, Britain greatly increased its base of wealth. The Britain’s goal was very simple; they wanted to have a larger amount of exports than imports, therefore, allowing them to store up wealth in the form of bullion. And American colonists were merely tenants who they expected to “pay the rent” by providing materials for export to Britain.
By the time the Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776, the relations between the...