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Defend Or Refute "The Renaissance Was A New Development, Strikingly Different From The Preceding Middle Ages." This Essay Agrees With This Quote, And Gives Many Reason As To Why.

1323 words - 5 pages

Was the Renaissance a new development or was it just a continuation of the Middle Ages? The Renaissance was a new development completely different from the middle ages. Even though many scholars claim that much of the ideas of the Renaissance came from the middle ages and that their were many progressive changes during the middle ages, the Renaissance had enough unique qualities to justify itself as a completely separate period of time in history.During the Renaissance there were rises of new social classes completely different then before. People became more secular, and were concerned more with individuality, materialism, idealism and humanism. The invention of the printing press made books cheaper and available for anyone to buy. New authors started writing about different subjects. Books that educated people, were among the most popular. Because books were available for anyone, education stretched among all classes. Education was stressed more then anything. It was thought that only through education can a person become successful. The dominant intellectual movement was humanism, which is based on the idea that humans are rational beings and emphasized the value of an individual. Petrarch used humanist ideas in his works, he criticized his own times, and believed that the world can be improved by the study of classical literature. Peter Paul Vergerio believed in similar ideas, he stated in his writing "On the Liberal Arts", that it is most important for a person to be educated in liberal arts that the learning should be done while that person is still a child, as you never know what the future will bring but if you are educated you will be successful no matter what.Art was a very big part of the Renaissance. With the help of science, artists understood the anatomy of the human body, perspective , scaling of objects, shadows and lighting. Giotto, a painter led the way in the use of realism, in which the human form would seem realistic in body movements, and their wouldn't be any of the artificial stiffness that was known to represent the paintings of the human body. These new techniques in drawing made paintings and sculptures look realistic. Portraits, studies of the human form, animals, landscapes, scenes of daily life as well as religious subjects became common materials for a painter. Artist received support from the merchants, bankers, popes and princes who supported the art as a way of glorifying themselves. They hired painters to draw portraits as a way to show individuality and wealth. As time progressed art became more secular. It was normal for an artist to show the human body nude. Michelangelo's David expresses these ideas, it showed the Renaissance's detail, since every part of the sculpture was made to look lifelike. It was also an expression of wealth and creativity, because the sculptor would spend enormous amount of time and money just to find the piece of marble which he would use for the sculpture.The new ideas of the...

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