Deference And Reference Of Authorship In Dictee

2145 words - 9 pages

The back cover of Theresa Hak Kyung Cha’s Dictee describes the book as “A classic work of autobiography that transcends the self.” This phrase is self-contradictory. The Oxford English Dictionary defines autobiography as “an account of a person’s life given by himself or herself.” If it is indeed an autobiography, Dictee is unorthodox, because it discusses the accounts of several other people instead of focusing only on the author. Moreover, the variety of media in Dictee multiples the book’s unusualness. Identification of the plurality inherent in the material and structural levels of Dictee shows that the contradictions originate from considering Dictee as a ‘work’. Roland Barthes’s approach gives a more accurate description of Dictee, as a collection of self-deference. Yet, whereas Barthes claims the complete removal of the author from the text, Cha manages to assert her authorship by deliberately altering details in her text, as if her memories are blurry. Working with the pluralities in mediation and structure, Cha posits Dictee as the Text projected through the author’s memory.
Usage of various media throughout Dictee implies that interpretive reading on Dictee does not work. It is difficult to classify Dictee into one genre, because it blends several forms of writing, some quoted and others original. Moreover, the text’s plurality extends the written medium into the graphic realm. Instead of allocating images or texts separately, Cha interweaves them throughout Dictee. For instance, the Clio section begins with a photograph of Yu Guan Soon, followed by her biography, calligraphy of Chinese characters meaning woman and man, and an excerpt from a Korean history book. There are also a news article on Japanese forces in Korea, a petition from Koreans in Hawaii to the U.S. president, and Cha’s own comments on enemy and memory shown in both print and handwritten script. The author does not provide explicit connections between various media: images lack captions and quotations lack references. Most authors place captions next to images so that the images convey predefined messages, and references reduce the value of the quotations to their original authors’ intentions. Unrestricted of such connections, the material plurality impedes the reduction of the text into a single interpretation. This situation is ironical considering that Cha writes “This documented through, by the same means, (…) in the same style: the word. The image. (…) Neutralized to achieve the no-response, to make absorb, to submit to the uni-directional correspondence” (33). The style that Cha presents Dictee is unlike that of most other books, so interpretive reading, which is an activity of transmitting the ‘meaning’ from the author to the reader, confuses the reader. If the reader were to identify the authors’ intent, he would have to engage actively with the text. However, it is impossible to find a single point of convergence in Dictee.
Plurality at the structural level...

Find Another Essay On Deference and Reference of Authorship in Dictee

Questioning Originality and Authorship in Fine Art Photography

1781 words - 7 pages artists with an aim of exploring the application of their artistic style in a familiar art. However, photographing another artist’s work and claiming the authorship of the work without acknowledging the original artists poses a serious challenge to the idea of authorship. Incorporating other artists’ work into a new work is the central element of modern appropriation art. Nothing is original these days, we live in a postmodern society that is

He Auteur Have Known Better: Andrew Sarris and the politicization of American film authorship

3908 words - 16 pages meansPerhaps it is unfair to only present Andrew Sarris in a completely negative light, it has, after all, been over forty years since he first published his groundbreaking thesis on authorship, and judging from the content of some of his more recent interviews, Sarris appears to have greatly tamed many of youthful convictions. In one such interview Sarris even goes as far as to state that if he were granted the opportunity to rewrite his seminal

The Women's Anxiety Towards their Authorship - Virginia Woolf's "A Room of One's Own" and "Professions of Women"

1354 words - 5 pages authorship. Virginia Woolf frequently used the theme of gender inequality in her writings. This can particularly be seen in her work, "A Room of One's Own" and "Professions for Women".In Woolf's "A Room of One's Own", she depicts the struggle of women in the English society. She states that because these women are oppressed by male domination, hence the work that they produce is seen to be unimpressive that male writer's. Woolf invents Judith, an

Frames of Reference In Occupational Therapy

1309 words - 5 pages Activities in developing object relationships, ego function & defenses as well as to increase conscious awareness of the dynamic reason for behavioral problems.REFERENCE:Frames of Reference in Occupational Therapy by Mary Ann Groux Bruce, PhD, OTR and Barbara A. Borg, MA, OTR

Symbolic Reference in “The Cask of Amontillado

696 words - 3 pages root”. The second meaning or reference of cask of is also identified as a “casket”. “He had on a tight- fitting perished dress and his head was remounted by the conical cap and bells” “ the man wore motley” meaning that fortunato wears joker costume in the carnival, catacombs and the final moment of his life when he was murdered. “The amontillado was a significant symbol because it is what is used to lure fortunato and represents a rare

Analysis of 1984 in Reference to Censorship

1885 words - 8 pages Censorship dates all the way back to 443 BC in ancient Rome with the Office of Censor. In that time this was an office of great repute, the Office of Censor was charged with the shaping of the character of the people. Thus it was considered to be an honorable task, since then the connotation of the word and such an office has changed greatly. Today censorship is the practice of officially examining books, movies, etc. and suppressing

The Core Function of Police in Reference to Wilson and Keeling's Broken Windows Thesis

2848 words - 11 pages The Core Function of Police in Reference to Wilson and Keeling's Broken Windows Thesis In considering whether the core function of the Police should be to maintain order, there are a number of issues, both historic and current, which need to be taken into consideration. For example, the maintenance of what constitutes “order” can be interpreted differently by different communities i.e. urban and rural. The expectations of

Analysis of the provision in your setting with reference to theory and guidance

1093 words - 5 pages This assignment will analyse the provision in a setting with reference to theory and guidance, using the National standards, the EYFS guidelines and OFSTED. I currently work in Tameside College Nursery as a Nursery Nurse. My job requires me to work with children between the ages of six months old and five years old as well as being responsible for a small group of children known as my key children. We have three rooms, Ladybird room, Caterpillar

An Evaluation of Nature Poetry in Reference to Plath, Huges and Keats

2558 words - 10 pages comfortably able to have a habit and the words Drowsed and Fume do not portray an image of poppies when you consider the rest of the poem is mainly about imagery. The winnowed hair refers to ripe grain still standing, and apple cider is still being pressed. However, the end of the cycle is near. The press is squeezing out "the last oozings" is a direct reference to the end of the season. In the last stanza the songs of spring have ended the animals

With reference to the concepts of Post modernity discuss "24" in terms of its contradiction in narrative, genre and representation

3347 words - 13 pages With reference to the concepts of Post modernity discuss 24 in terms of its contradiction in narrative, genre and representation.This essay will discuss the broad concepts of representation, narrative and genre in relation to the theory of Post modernity.The text I have chosen to illustrate the points raised in this essay is a series that is currently running it's third season on TV called 24, broadcast by Fox Television and created by Robert

In silico prediction of Genomic Islands in Mannheimia haemolytica published complete genomes and their comparative analysis with reference to M425

2210 words - 9 pages Comparison and sharing of Genomic Islands within the strains The coding regions of the predicted GIs of each genome were sorted out. The sequences of the proteins present in the predicted GIs of each strain of M. haemolytica under study retrieved on local system and were used as query for an organism-specific BLASTP (http://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) search against each of the other strains of under study. This was done in order to identify their

Similar Essays

Memory And Text In Dictee Essay

2184 words - 9 pages , containing several other people’s accounts instead of focusing only on the author. Analysis of the plurality inherent in the material and structural levels of Dictee shows that the contradictions originate from considering Dictee as a ‘work’. Roland Barthes’s concept of the Text gives a more accurate description of Dictee, as a collection of self-deference. Yet, whereas Barthes claims the complete removal of the author’s authority on the text, Cha

Karl Marx And The Authorship Of Communism

3229 words - 13 pages It has been said that Karl Marx wrote his theories concerning socialism from a liberal starting point. This essay will discuss this possibility, in relation to socialism and if Marx's theories would in fact, create a conflict free world. There are two main areas within this question: firstly, the differences and similarities between socialism and liberalism, and how it is possible to write one from the starting point of the other, and secondly

Intertextuality And Authorship In The Works Of Geoffrey Chaucer, Shakespeare And The Sonneteers

1524 words - 6 pages Medieval authors were not impressed by originality the way we are nowadays. Since the value of a poem was proved by its author's skills, they focused on the art of writing. Or rewriting, which meant studying and performing profound changes in a previous text in order to emphasise 'social' factors, the personal intentions of the author (entertaining, edifying, advising) and their own sense of literary aesthetics.Sometimes intertextuality becomes

The Woman As Muse And Begetter: Susan Barton’s “Anxiety Of Authorship” In J.M. Coetzee’s Foe

2458 words - 10 pages In their 1979 work titled The Madwoman in the Attic, Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar discuss the difficulties faced by Victorian women attempting to write in a patriarchal society. Gilbert and Gubar describe the “anxiety of authorship” experienced by female writers who thus believe they are not capable of creating a successful work. J.M. Coetzee’s 1986 novel Foe, follows its protagonist Susan Barton as she experiences such anxiety in early