Defining Politics and Democracy
The word "Politics" is derived from the Greek word for city-state,
"Polis". Corporate, religious, academic and every other polity,
especially those constrained by limited resources, contain dominance
hierarchy and therefore politics. Politics is most often studied in
relation to the administration of governments.
Politics is the process and method of gaining or maintaining support
for public or common action. Although it is generally applied to
governments, politics is also observed in all human group interactions
including corporate, academic, and religious. Political science is the
study of political behavior and examines the acquisition and
application of power, i.e. the ability to impose one's will on
another. One theorist, Harold Lasswell, has defined politics as "who
gets what, when, and how."
Politics, in it's broadest sense, is activity through which people
make, preserve and amend the general rules under which we live.
Through this is affects almosts every area of your lives, from the
sports we watch to what we eat, to how safe you feel on the streets
and to how we interact with each other. Politics, and therefore
politicians, invariably have to respond to what society in general and
individuals specifically want out of their community. These are the
values and beliefs that society in general has.
The traditional view is that politics boils down to 'what concerns the
state' has been reflected in the tendency for academic study to focus
upon the personal adn machiney of government. Different views embody
different conceptions of social order. Definitions of politics that
relate it to the art of government, public affairsor peaceful
compromise are based upon an essentially consensus model of society,
which portrays government as basically benign and emphaises the common
interest of the commuinty.
Karl Marx sees politics as 'merely the orgainised power of one class
for oppressing another' while Kate Millett sees politics as
'power-structured relationships,arrangements whereby one grop of
persons is contolled by another. This shows how different people feel
about politics and it shows that everyone has a differnt view on what
politics means. My view is that politics is how different parties
believe the county should be run, how different political views change
how different people feel on politics, e.g. The old labour party had
the views for the working man and the unions, and the conservatives
was for the business man, but now the 'new' labour party has the same
views as the conservatives, making it almost impossible to tell the
difference between the parties. This is called Convergence.
There are many political parties in Britain but throughout the whole
of England, there are three dominant political parties : Labour,