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Definition And History Of Jazz ( German )

643 words - 3 pages

Der JazzUm einen Ueberblick zu gewinnen, werden wir zunaechst unsere Themen nennen:1. Einleitung2. Definition des Jazz3. Die Geschichte des Jazz4. Grundelemente des Jazz5. Das Jazzensemble6. Die verschiedenen Stilarten des Jazz7. Instrumente und Besetzungen8. Die Bedeutung des Jazz fuer die Musik9. Die einzelnen Formen10. Die wichtigsten Interpreten des Jazz11. QuellenangabenEINLEITUNGDer Jazz ist eigentlich die Musik unseres Jahrhunderts. Er ist die einzige musikalische Entwicklung (ausser der 12-Ton-Musik), aus der sich alle weiteren fuer unsere Zeit typischen Stile (wie Rock`n`Roll, Independent, Pop- und UMusik)ergeben haben. Einzige Ausnahme bildet der Reggae, welcher jedoch eine vollkommen andere Entwicklungdarstellt.DEFINITION DES JAZZJazz ist eine Musizierform mit eigenen Gesetzen und aesthetischen Massstaeben, der um die Jahrhundertwendedurch die Begegnung europaeischer und afrikanischer Musik zu entstehen begann.GESCHICHTE DES JAZZDie Quellen des Jazz sind:* Der Spiritual dessen religioesen Gesaenge der schwarzen Gottesdienste und deren starker Rhythmus dieGlaeubigen mehr als nur zu fesseln vermochte* Der Blues bestnd urspruenglich aus Gesaengen der Arbeiter auf den Baumwollfeldern, die sich umHeimweh nach Afrika, Geldsorgen, persoenliche Noete drehten; sehr den afrikanischen Volks- undKultgesaengen verwandt.* Die kreolischen Gesaenge rhythmus-betonte Weisen von den karibischen Inseln, sehr urspruenglich warensie Folklore vor allem der afrikanischen Staemme, eine Entwicklung aus den Stammesliedern. Die Balladender weissen US-Amerikaner sind ein bekanntes. Beispiel: `When the saints go marching in`. DieMarschmusik der amerikanischen Armee war nicht sehr unterschiedlich zur europaeischenUnterhaltungsmusik und aus dem damaligen Potential an `Schlagern` in den USA Ragtime [von `rage`,zerrissen] um ca. 1890 entstanden. Es war mehr eine Tanzmusik, die sich vom Jazz vor allem durchmangelnden swing (mehr taktorientiert, stampfend) und starke Synkopierung (darunter versteht man eineRhythmusverschiebung durch die Verbindung schwerer und leichter Teile unterschied. BekanntestesSeine wichtigsten Elemente sind:* Der Rhythmus* die Takt-Sprache der Musik* die Improvisation* die individuelle Auslegung der musikalischen Themata* die Artikulation der Stilmittel als Ausdruck der Musik. Also sind die Tonbildung (Instrumentierung, bei derauch Stimme als Instrument gilt)* die Akzentuierung (Verweisen der einzelnen Instrumente auf ihre Betonung der...

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