Definition Of Psychology Essay

1039 words - 4 pages

Definition of Psychology

The term psychology comes from two Greek words: psyche, which means

1. The spirit or soul.
2. The human mind.
3. In psychoanalysis, the mind functioning as the center of thought,
emotion, and behavior.

And logos, "the study of." or according to modern researches "science"

These root words were first combined in the 16th century, at a time
when the human soul, spirit, or mind was seen as distinct from the
body.

Definition of Psychology:

Psychology is one of the youngest sciences. It is still going through
the process of its development. There has been much fierce controversy
about its definition. It has been variously defined as the science of
soul, the science of mind, the science of consciousness, the science
of behavior.

The science of soul:

Psychology was first defined as the science of soul. But it was not
excepted, for the reason that it had too much of religious flavour.
Soul generally conveys the idea of a supernatural thing. it is
immortal, beyond one's control. It is not easy to observe and study
the soul so this theory was discarded.

The science of mind:

Then, Psychology was defined as the science of mind. Later , it was
changed to mental processes, by Psychologists as Hume and Tichener.
This "invisible" world of mind involves many different aspects,
functions and potentials. Imagination, attention, intellect,
awareness, intention, reason, will, responsibility, memory, and many
other things exist in each of us. They are a vital and important part
of us. This definition was not rejected but it was considered
incomplete.

The science of Consciousness:

William James defined Psychology as being the science of
consciousness. Being conscious means to be aware of the ambience .This
definition was also rejected on the basis of the fact that at times
our behavior is governed by our subconscious and unconscious. Great
psychologist like Sigmand Freud support this fact.

The science of Behavior:

J.B. Watson described Psychology as the science of Behavior.. He said
that external action or behavior is the only concern of Psychology. He
totally ignored mental processes. He said that what goes on in our
mind eventually comes out as our behavior. But this is not true for
all times so this was considered incomplete.

Now a days the most comprehensive definition of Psychology is:

"Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior, and its
application to solve human problems"

OR

"Psychology is the schematic study of behavior and mental processes"

This definition contains three elements. The first is that psychology
is a scientific enterprise that obtains knowledge through systematic
and objective methods...

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