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Deforestation Of The Rainforest Essay

1243 words - 5 pages

Rainforest biomes are characterized by high rainfall of 1750-2000 mm (68-78 inches) annually. They have tall, dense jungles because of competition for sunlight. Rainforests are often found in tropical climates (regions between the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer) and they are home to the majority of the world’s species. They contain one-half to two-thirds of the world’s surface (Lindsey Rebecca). The climate of rainforest biomes is very hot and humid. There are two types of rainforests: tropical and temperate. The Tropical rainforest can be found in three major geological areas namely Central America in the Amazon River basin; Africa-Zaire basin, small portion in West Africa, and eastern Madagascar; and Indo-Malaysia, southeast Asia, New Guinea, Assam, west coast of India, and Queensland, Australia. Temperate rainforests are found along some coasts in temperate zones. The largest temperate rainforest is found in the Pacific coast of North America such as Oregon, Washington, and California. They are also found on the southeast of Chile in South America, small parts of Japan, and New Zealand (Enger and Smith).
Rainforests have many advantages such as providing biodiversity, carbon sequestration, controlling global warming, preventing soil erosion and desertification. In brief, they are important to the global ecosystem. The roots of rainforest trees and vegetation help secure the soil. Rainforests biomes also provide shelter for some tribal humans. Rainforests are home to a large number of the world's plant and animals species, including many endangered species. Some rainforest species can only survive in their natural habitat; thus, zoos cannot provide home for all animals. Rainforests help sustain the water cycle. The trees in the rainforests add water to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration during photosynthesis. The moisture is the part of the cause to the formation of rain clouds which will create precipitation for the rainforests and the people living in them. Rainforest biomes prevent drought. Some rainforests trees and plants provide a source for medicines and foods. These rainforests provide education just by visiting or reading about them.
Despite these great advantages of rainforest biomes, they continue to be threatened. The utmost cause of rainforest devastation today comes from human activities which as compared to natural damage is totally destructive. The major problem that is destroying these rainforests is deforestation. Merriam-Webster defines deforestation as “the action or process of clearing an area of forests” to a non-forest use. The role of humans in the deforestation of the rainforests is massive and some activities that contribute to this loss include oil extraction, logging, hydroelectric projects, road constructions, hunting and poaching. Examples of deforestation include the alteration of forest lands to farms, ranches, or urban use. Trees cut down or derived charcoal are used or sold for...

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