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Deforestation In The Amazon Rainforest Essay

3377 words - 14 pages

This assignment is based on Key Idea 2: Problems can arise when one
group
pursues its own interests to the detriment of others.
Deforestation in the Amazon has led to conflicting interests in the
Amazon
region. Potentially it can affect societies worldwide through global
warming.
In this assignment, I will agree or disagree with the following
hypothesis:

'Deforestation in the Amazon benefits some people at the moment. It
also
causes problems for other people, both in Brazil and the rest of the
world.'

In order to draw up a conclusion to the hypothesis, I will be looking
at
the different types of developments, which have already taken place in
Brazil and also, the different reasons as to why Brazil should be
developed
and why it shouldn't.
I will conclude my assignment by analysing the evidence that I have
gathered.

Since the 1960's, several types of developments have taken place in
the
Amazon rainforest. Brazil has the largest foreign debt of any
developing
country at over $100 billion. If this debt were ever to be repaid, a
vast
amount of money would be needed. This money would be available if
Brazil
developed its rainforest.
Many foreign loans and multinational investments were taken out by
Brazil during the 'Brazilian Miracle' of the 1960's and '70's in which
large-scale projects made Brazil into a modern industrial nation. This
'miracle' left Brazil with enormous debts. Although this created
thousands
of jobs, the gap between the poor and rich continued to grow.
Despite the fact that Brazil now has a trade surplus, the interest
payments
on the loans are forever increasing, and there is no way that Brazil
can
reduce its debt - unless the rainforest is developed.
In Brazil, there is a huge inequality between the rich and the poor -
1% of
the population owns 45% of the land.
Large areas of the Amazon rainforest have been destroyed as
governments
have tried to develop it to make Brazil a better country.
Some estimates suggest that a fifth of the Amazon rainforest was
cleared
between 1960 and 1990. It is also estimated that approximately 7.5
million
hectares of rainforest are being cut down each year.
This is extremely unlikely to be replaced. The Amazon rainforest is in
extreme danger. Developments such as deforestation are proving to be a
huge
problem.

Developments that have taken place

Numerous types of developments have taken place in the Amazon
rainforest.
The aim of this is to bring wealth to the area by using its natural
resources.
. A large amount of iron ore, gold, copper, bauxite and other minerals
have
been discovered in the rainforest. Mining companies have cut down
trees to
get to these deposits. An example of this is the Carajas Iron Ore
Project;
this is...

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