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Deforestation In The Amazon Rainforest Essay

1236 words - 5 pages

Deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest: Human degradation and its consequences

Deforestation is a word that displays an image of cruelty against nature. In any language, and on every continent, the word deforestation is frowned upon by all social classes, however why it is still happening? The consequences of this act that involves human beings willing to cut down trees, burning plants, and destroy habitats of animals are just actions to satisfy some human being. The Amazon rainforest covers various countries where 60% is in Brazil, and 13% in Peru, and produces 20% of total oxygen in the world. Unfortunately, the political leaders of the countries that make up the Amazon jungle are not interested in its full protection and do not realize that the world health is in their hands. The main purpose of deforestation is to expand, build, and work to advance political purposes. One example is the relentless pursuit of oil, which does nothing but to destroy wildlife, and by drilling the land it exposes soil to sunlight which creates erosion. That example reminds me a phrase from the philosopher Machiavelli, in which he thinks that end justifies the means. His idea suggests that if the objective is good, then it doesn’t matter if the way we achieve it is bad, wrong, or evil. Why do people continue supporting deforestation? This question has many answers, but relies on a behavior problem, lack of respect, and necessity to survive, mostly from very low-income humans. The government allows deforestation to expand, and this creates the following main consequences: Disruption of hydrologic cycle, erosion of soil, loss of biodiversity, and the increase of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere.
The tree is an essential element in the forest, yet is a key part in the hydrologic cycle. This happens because water is absorbed by the root, and then it is removed by perspiration from their leaves. If trees are being diminished, then the hydrologic cycle will slow its normal activity. According to Ronald W.A Hutjes from the Wageningen University research center, he stated that thanks to several campaigns documented in the mid-eighties which documented surface-atmosphere exchange processes, we can proof that deforestation indeed disturb the Hydrologic cycle. The rapid growth of the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) over pasture in dry season has been shown to lead to earlier formation of cumulus and consequent reduction in solar irradiation used satellite image to show that shallow cumulus formed mostly over cleared areas in Rondônia (a severed deforested Brazilian state)(Hutjes 120). On the other hand, the inverse of this reaction occurs in wet season, when warmer night temperatures over forest lead to rainfall production from moisture earlier in the day than over pasture. Even though trees are not the only water supplier by condensation process to the clouds, if a huge amount of trees are being diminished like is happening now in Brazil and in Peru, this climate changes...

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