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Essay on Deforestation: Meaning, Causes and Effects
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After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Deforestation 2. History of Deforestation in India 3. Causes 4. Effects 5. Issues 6. Universal Solution.
Essay on the Meaning of Deforestation
Essay on the History of Deforestation in India
Essay on the Causes for Deforestation
Essay on the Effects of Deforestation
Essay on the Issues of Deforestation
Essay on Universal Solution of Deforestation
Essay # 1. Meaning of Deforestation:
Deforestation, in the simple sense, will mean the removal of vegetation from an area. Deforestation, as the name suggests, is the clearing of forests and trees from an area for various commercial purposes.
Some facts relating to deforestation in India:
(i) Deforestation could lead to changes in surface conditions, which would increase the intensity and decrease the duration of rainfall, thereby increasing run-off. This causes soil erosion, leading to silting of river beds. This is how floods occur.
(ii) India is losing 1.5 million hectares (mha) of forests per year, thereby bringing down the total forest area from 74 mha to 40 mha.
(iii) Deforestation causes loss of top soil to the tune of 12,000 million tonnes.
(iv) Due to deforestation, India loses Rs.10,000 crores every year in the form of damage by floods.
Essay # 2. History of Deforestation in India:
The recorded history of deforestation goes back at least to the beginning of the 19th century. The British, after all, were not laymen, The Madras Presidency?along with Bombay one of the two great administrative units of southern British India?appointed a forest conservator as far back as 1806.
It is true that in 1823 an illustrious and sympathetic governor of the presidency, Thomas Munro, abolished the position of conservator, but he did so in doctrinaire?and unfortunately incorrect-belief that supply and demand would stimulate private afforestation if timber supplies ran low.
No planting occurred over the next four decades. The British meanwhile continued building railways and roads, and one consequence was an increased capability for serving a growing market for forest products?and increased tree cutting.
By 1860, conditions had deteriorated so much that officers in most of central India were treating teak as an oddity. E.P. Stebbing?s authoritative The Forests of India goes so far as to ascribe the silting of the great eastern deltas of the Krishna and Godavari rivers to the forests being cleared hundreds of miles to the west.
Essay # 3. Causes for Deforestation:
There are many reasons for deforestation to occur. Many of the reasons are region-specific, but in general it is possible to pin-point the major reasons for deforestation to occur. The major reasons for deforestation to occur can be dealt with by dividing the causes...