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Deir El Medina Essay

1751 words - 7 pages

Deir El-MedinaIrynefer's tomb no 290 at Deir el-MedinaThe tomb lies at the far end of the Western cemetery and shares the forecourt with the earlier tomb of Nu and Nakht-Min TT 291. It consists of the entrance, antechamber and the burial chamber. The tomb owner was Irynefer, a necropolis workman of the Ramesside Period. He lived in the village in the 19th dynasty during the early part of Ramesses II's reign. His title was the "Servant in the Place of Truth".The entrance to the tomb was identified by Bernard Bruyère during the season of 1922/1923.The depiction on the southern wall, which lies towards the left side of the burial chamber, shows the mummification of the dead person, who rests on a bed with lion heads. Mummification is performed by Anubis, the jackal-headed god of the dead.The steps leading down towards the entrance into the antechamber.Photography © Elvira Kronlob 2011The tomb belongs to the most interesting corpus of the Ramesside tombs due to its beautifully decorated vaulted burial chamber. A short passage leads to the burial chamber. It is decorated with hieroglyphs and with a lying jackal Anubis, who looks towards the tomb entrance. The brick vault of the burial chamber was plastered and decorated with colourful scenes and inscriptions providing us with the names and titles of family members. The background to the scenes was painted yellow. The scenes include illustrations from different spells of the Book of the Dead, images of funerary divinities, demons and manifestations of the deceased's ba and his shadow.May's tomb no 338 at Deir el-MedinaThe owner of the tomb number 338 was called May. He was a painter employed at the Theban Necropolis and living at Deir el-Medina during the 18th dynasty, around 1300 BC. His title was the "outline draughtsman of Amun". His tomb is situated in the Western Necropolis at Deir el-Medina near the tomb of the architect Kha and is numbered TT 338.The wall paintings from May's tomb were detached from the walls and removed to Turin.Photo by Hans Ollermann 2010This round-topped stela is divided into 3 registers. In the top register May and his wife stand in adoration in front of Osiris and Hathor, both seated on their thrones. In the lower registers the couple sit on chairs in front of an offering table. Their daughter stands next to them. A procession consisting of their family members approach them with their offerings: 3 men in the middle register and 4 men and 2 women in the bottom register.Photo by Lenka Peacock 2011This is a round topped stela of a two fold division. In the lunette - the spatial region in the upper portion of the stela - the solar barque is carrying a solar disk above the sky, represented by the hieroglyphic sign pt (sky).TT2 of Khabekhnetat Deir el-MedinaKhabekhnet was the eldest son of Sennedjem (TT1). He lived during the 19th dynasty when Ramesses II (1279-1212 BC) was on the throne. His title was "Servant in the Place of Truth". He lived in Deir el-Medina and...

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