Translations have always been of paramount importance since the acceptance of history, archaeology and fields alike as individual subjects. The subjects that work in the present trying to unravel the mysterious happenings of the past often need to go through the literature of the era concerned as literature always has been the true mirror to society. The literature of any civilization is a transcriber of the happenings and experiences of contemporary people into the word written on the parchment. These written words provide an authentic source for deducing and extrapolating the “would have happened” happenings of the years bygone.
Translations are not limited to the above mentioned usage only. In the present world when international diplomatic communication happens to be the most vital part of all external affairs the importance of translations only becomes more visible. National leaders often require to voice the issues of their represented country in foreign lands and the communication of the exact idea without the aid of translation is impossible and without may lead to catastrophic results. Affairs of tourism, international news exchange, and global citizenship are some other fields that are very much important for the smooth functioning of the established society and translations make them easier and truer only.
Though the presence and importance of translations are widely ranged but we shall be restricting the focus on the importance of translations of old texts into contemporary literature. As it has been already mentioned, literature of an era does the errand of reflecting the achievement, struggle and experience of the inhabitants of the era and therefore it makes their translation a vital job for knowing the history of our presence. The historical literature of a nation, be it folk lore, stories, or epics, are the heritage of the country and its people and contain the imprint of the time when the morals, culture and the traditions of the present day were formed. India is the land of the oldest language, culture and heritage with the existence of the largest epic in the world to its credit; Mahabharata.
Mahabharata is the largest epic in the world. According to Wikipedia -
“With about one hundred thousand verses, long prose passages, and about 1.8 million words in total, the Mahabharata is the longest epic poem in the world. It is roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined, roughly five times longer than Dante's Divine Comedy, and about four times the length of the Rāmāyaṇa”.
Mahabharata traces the journey of the Hindu mythology, philosophy and religious establishments. It is a poetic epic divided into 18 parvas. The war of Mahabharata was fought some 5100 years ago around 3139 BC. Traditionally the credit of the text is attributed to Sage Ved Vyasa. It is a story of rivalry between kith and kins due to the actions and inactions of the major characters. I begin with a highly precise summary of the...