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Delopgave C: Velfærdsstatens Fremtid Essay

979 words - 4 pages

Udvikling eller afvikling?
- Fællesdel –
1a. Opstil 3 hypoteser, der kan forklare de mønstre, der fremgår af tabel 1. Hver er hypoteserne skal understøttes af en samfundsfaglig begrundelse.
Hypotese 1: Energiafgifternes voldsomme stigning bliver stoppet, fordi vi kif en ny VK-regering.
Fra 1992-2001 har Socialdemokraterne ledet den danske regering. En af deres hovedopgave, var at få et bedre miljø. For at få dette måtte man gå til angreb mod den stigende CO2. Derfor valgte Danmark i starten af 90’erne at få nedsat deres CO2-forbrug. Det blev lavet gennem international samarbejde med EU og Kyoto-aftalen. Da VK-regeringen træder til bliver disse internationale aftaler lidt gemt borte. Der er ...view middle of the document...

Grunden til dette kunne være at meget af Danmarks industripladser brød sammen, og at der var en bevægelse fra industrisamfund til servicesamfund som fortsatte. Dette giver også mening med at CO2-udslippet er faldene, da industrivirksomheder er mere forureningstunge end servicevirksomheder er, imens at BNP‘et forbliver det samme.
1b. Argumenter ud fra en socialistisk grundholdning imod nedenstående syn på økonomisk lighed.
Jeg vil argumentere imod Ole Birk Olesen liberale holdninger. Ole Birk Olesen argumentere for at folket får mindre frihed ved at betale skat, han siger at et menneske ikke kan være frit, hvis vi ikke selv kan kontrollere hvor vores penge skal gå.
Ole Birk Olesen siger at ’’fordi flertallet mener at det er i orden at begrænse andre folks frihed, så er det også i orden’’ Det virker som om at Olesen ikke helt forstår at vi lever i et demokrati, hvis flertallet siger at vi skal have et højere skattetryk i Danmark, så er det dét der skal ske. Olesen har et forkert indtryk af hvad frihed egentligt er, i hans øjne vil frihed være at kunne være i stand til at selv kunne kontrollere hvor ens egne penge skal gå, hvilket også er meget fornuftigt, men det er et alt for snævert syn på hvad frihed vil sige. De penge vi giver til skatten gør at alle mennesker netop kan blive frie, da vi så f.eks. er i stand til at blive behandlet for sygdomme og få gratis uddannelse. Det gør os frie, da vi nu ikke skal bekymre os om arbejdsløshed eller sygdomme, derfor skal vi have et højt skatteniveau så folket kan være frie.

1c. Hvad kan der af tabel 2 udledes om udviklingen i den offentlige sektors økonomi?

indtægter i alt udgifter i alt offentlig saldo statsgæld BNP
2008 100 100 100 100 100
2009 96,3 108 -79,7 154,1 96
2010 97,4 113 -135,7 206,8 99,8

Som man kan se på tabellen er indtægterne...

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