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Dementia And Alzheimer´S Disease Essay

1970 words - 8 pages

1. Throughout this line of study, Alzheimer’s disease is a specific form of dementia. According to Alzheimer’s Association, dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability that is severe enough to hinder daily life. Memory loss is a symptom of dementia and the most common type of dementia is Alzheimer’s. One of the most common and severe symptom of Alzheimer’s is difficulty remembering newly learned information. The changes of Alzheimer’s normally begin in the part of the brain that affects learning (Overview Alzheimer's Association). Some other symptoms of Alzheimer’s include gradual memory loss, the decline in capability to carry out everyday tasks and the loss of their language ...view middle of the document...

Larry understood that Alzheimer’s affects the brain, and the brain controls not only memory, but reasoning, walking, sight, and swallowing, as well as other abilities.
2. Some risk factors for Alzheimer’s can be lethal. Scientists have studied to identify what increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. The first known risk factor for Alzheimer’s is aging. Most of the diagnosed individuals are 65 or older. The possibility of having Alzheimer’s doubles about every five or so years after the age of 65. Another strong risk factor of Alzheimer’s disease is family history. Those who have family members such as a brother, sister or parent that have Alzheimer’s may possibly develop this life-altering disease. When diseases run in families, it is either by their genes (heredity) or by their life style (environmental) that play a role. According to Alzheimer’s Association, genetic testing are now available for scientists to see if the patient has the types of genes that play a role in developing the disease (Overview Alzheimer's Association). Those two genes are risk genes and deterministic genes. Basically some other risk factors of Alzheimer’s are smoking high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and genetic predisposition. A single cause of Alzheimer’s disease has yet not been discovered. Beta amyloid disease, neurofibrillary tangles, genetic basis, and senile plaque, the defective gene on chromosome 21 are causes of Alzheimer’s. Having Alzheimer’s early on life is an indication that there is a deformity in the genetic basis. For people with the disease, the amount of senile plaque and neurofibrillary tangles are greater than people who do not suffer from this disease. According to the cholinergic hypothesis, people with Alzheimer’s have a decrease in acetylcholine (ACH). Larry mentions being tested but forgets t mention if the doctors have any idea of what caused this disease. Alzheimer’s is not a normal part of aging, and it is not just a disease of old age, it is something much worse.
3. Larry Rose’s memory is affected to a degree that he cannot remember the date, why there are certain things in his pocket, which car he drove to the store, as well as the words for things he uses on a daily basis such as comb and mouthwash. His intellectual and emotional functions appeared to be related to the vast majority of other individuals who are inflicted with Alzheimer’s disease. Rose’s abilities, mental and intellectual, gradually declined and he became more confused. Remembering names of his friends were difficult, he was not able to remember most of the things surrounding him. Then his thoughts start to be too chaotic for him to handle, and small conversations start to become complicated. Performing his everyday tasks were challenging for him, as well as finding the correct words to identify simple objects like comb (Rose, 2000). His emotional capacity was affected from all of the changes, and his emotions targeted sadness, fear, and anger, while...

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