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Dementia And Educating Carers Essay

1864 words - 7 pages

Other carers such as assistants in nursing should have a clear understanding of dementia and the common traits of people afflicted with the disease. Carers should appreciate that dementia is an illness that impacts on cortical function, calculation, language, judgement, and learning capacity (Lemone et al., 2011). Deterioration in emotional stability, sociability and motivation are typical and can be attributed to the disability of cognitive function (Lemone et al., 2011). Dementia sufferers are afflicted with memory loss, lose their ability to problem solve and develop personality changes such as agitation and hallucination (Lemone et al., 2011). The prognosis for most types of dementia is poor as irreversible or untreated dementia usually continues to worsen over time (Huw, 2012). The illness usually progresses over years impacting central nervous function causing the person's death (Huw, 2012).

Dementia is a cognitive disability associated with a high prevalence of behavioural symptoms and psychological pathology such as agitation, depression and psychosis, stress in caregivers, and costly care (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Because of the ageing world population, it is projected that the absolute number of elderly with Alzheimer’s disease and other irreversible dementias will increase (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Forecasts predict the number of people with dementia will reach 34 million worldwide in 2025, 25 million of which in developing countries (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Fortunately the behavioural and psychological effects of dementia are treatable and many patients respond to therapy (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010). Treating symptoms of disturbed perception, thoughts, mood, or behaviour that habitually occur in dementia suffers provide the best chance to reduce suffering, alleviate family burden, and lower care costs (Tripathi & Vibha, 2010).

Carers who will be looking after Margaret will have to have an understanding that the correct caring of dementia patient is a multifaceted approach. The care provider should consider the following dimensions: The nature of the tasks; skills, understanding, abilities of carers to perform tasks; the rate of occurrences of tasks; the total hours of care needed each day; perception for which tasks can be made routine, and thus incorporated into daily schedules; and the support given from family members (Reinhard et al., 2008). Caring for Margaret will range from performing complex monitoring tasks, deciphering patient symptoms, assisting with decision making, and providing comfort and emotional support (Reinhard et al., 2008). Each type of involvement requires a skill set of knowledge, organisational capacities, with social and psychological strength contributed by Sally and Edward (Reinhard et al., 2008). Attention to these areas will increase patient safety and reduce family distress (Reinhard et al., 2008). Facilities and carers need adequate resources to provide accurate documentation and referral...

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