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Democracy Essay

774 words - 3 pages

The interpretation of democracy varies from one to another based on people's belief and point of view. Some defined democracy as "Government by the people exercised either directly or through elected representative" while others believe "In a democracy government we the people, have the right to run the government and if we are not satisfied with the government, we have to power to change it." The meaning of democracy leave a lot of room for further interpretation. Emile Durkheim, a functionalist wrote The Normality of Crime and Karl Marx along with Frederick Engle who is the author of Manifesto of the Communist Party, each have different perspective views in democracy.Durkheim states that "crime is normal because it is completely impossible for any society entirely free of it to exist." Which means that crime is very usual and necessary part of every society. He later explained that in order for law and morality to go through possible changes "the collective sentiments are only in the state of plasticity necessary to assume new form, but sometimes it even contributes to determining beforehand the shape they will take on." (p43) When a society permits changes then society also permits crime. Vice versa, if there is no crime, it's clearly that change was not possible. Durkheim wrote " Indeed, how often is it only an anticipation of the morality to come, a progression toward what will be !" To make progress, the people or the individual must be able to express their self and belief. In this sense we predict that Durkheim feels that democracy is a system of society that allow changes to take place and in order for these changes to occur, we as the people have to put forth effort and let ours voice be heard. In a different way, he also view that democracy as a word that are closely associated with freedom. People have the freedom to do whatever they please, take crime for instance. Crime is the definitely a part of society even though it's may not a pleasant thing. According to the one of the four functions in society of the A.G.I.L. model, "Even Crime is Functional." The function of big-crime allow us to overlook smaller crime so we won't be so shock. So the degree of the crime dependent on the people's values and morals in the same society. And these values and...

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