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Democracy " A System Of Government For The Ages"

716 words - 3 pages

Democracy as defined by the textbook refers to a type of political system where the people rule themselves, or “rule by the many”, rather than being ruled by a King or Queen as in a monarchy or by the few as in an oligarchy such as Sparta. The main idea pushing democracy is that ordinary people have the need and want to govern themselves and are completely capable of doing so. Democracy over the years has gained extreme popularity the world over. From corner to corner of the globe examples of democracy can be found more and more each day. Many foundations of democracy originated from Ancient Greece as well as the word democracy. The Greek roots of the word democracy are “demos and Kratein” which mean “ The people and To Rule”. History accounts that Athens 5th Century (b.c.e.) was the earliest and purest form of democracy where all Athens policies were decided by an assembly of people or Athenian citizens which was comprised of all Athenian males, not to include women, slaves, or immigrants. The textbook The Struggle for Democracy states (p.6) that “Some political thinkers believe that democracy is the form of government that best protects human rights because it is the only one based on a recognition of the intrinsic worth and equality of human beings while others think that democracy is the form of government that will most likely produce rational policies because it can count on the pooled knowledge and expertise of a society's entire population”. Numerous opinions were voiced about democracy being the better system of government to promote a stronger economic growth or a better system for material well being and expression of natural talents because the people are actually free to pursue what ever path in life makes them the happiest and gives them the most fulfillment. While there are many forms of democracy and each differs with the people that it serves. In Ancient Greece, Athens observed and enacted a direct democracy, due to being a small city state, the Athenian citizens while not being many in total were able to...

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