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Democracy In The Middle East Essay

1227 words - 5 pages

The imposing of liberal democracy into foreign states and in particular into the Middle East would not necessarily create peace due to their cultural and geographical context. From a westernised perspective we may heavily associate the nature of democracy with peace but the history of international relations and theory has continue to show that this is definitely not the case. The Democratic Peace Theory itself contains weakness and vulnerabilities due to its reliance on ‘casual logic’ (Layne 1994, Pg. 13) lacking of detailed explanations. When considering peace as a direct outcome of liberal democracy it is vital to comprehend that peace does not only involve in international relations between states but also in terms internal strife through resistance and anarchy that would consequently rise against the government. This essay aims to show not only that administration of democracy will not introduce peace into the Middle East but also identify the weaknesses of the Democratic Peace Theory that drove this belief through retrospection of World War I with the League of Nations. The introduction of liberal democracy into the Middle East will not encourage peaceful behaviour and behaviour toward other states and within their own society.
Germany after their loss of World War I in 1919 suffered from the Treaty of Versailles and had democracy imposed over their government with the abdication of Wilhelm II (ToV 1919, Article 227). The League of Nations believed that the imposition of democracy would make Germany as a nation peaceful. In addition Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States introduced interdependence through his 14 points in Balkan region with the concept of democracy introduced in newly independent states with the presumption that peace would then follow after the devastation of war. The events that followed after the US failed to reinforce policies and left Europe witnessed many of the culturally neighbouring states of Germany such as Bavaria and Austria voting to re-establish connections to Germany with democracy as their justification and authority of the Weimar Republic be used to crush internal conflict through military force. If democracy was to be imposed onto states in Middle East to conclude conflict, the eventual result would be collaboration to revert back into their cultural political standing of sovereignty which for the Germans was monarch rule due to the lack of existing democratic traditions that the United States, France and England previously developed. The effects of replacing the monarchy tradition of Germany with a democracy by the League of Nations reveal that democracy does not provide society with peaceful social norms but rather that existing social norms and cultures that determine the acceptability of democracy in their society. The after effect of the Treaty of Versailles is a classic example that the forced adoption of democracy to a foreign state will not create peace and instead would produce...

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