Democracy in the UK
Direct democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics
where all citizens can directly participate in the decision-making
Direct democracy in its traditional form is rule by the people through
referenda. The people are given the right to pass laws, veto laws and
withdraw support from a representative at any time. In the United
States when specific direct democracy issues, other than the election
of representatives, reach a local- or state-level ballot, they are
commonly referred to by local and state governments as "ballot
questions" or "ballot measures".
B) Explain the main features of indirect democracy.
Indirect democracy is when elected representatives act behalf on the
people who have chosen them.
The most common system found in today's democracies is the
representative democracy. The people elect government officials who
then make decisions on their behalf. Essentially, a representative
democracy is a form of indirect democracy in which representatives are
democratically selected, and usually difficult to recall.
Indirect democracy is more effective given the size of society.
Therefore it is impossible (currently) to take into considerations the
views of all members of society on all decisions.
Once the representative is chosen he is given a certain amount of time
to do his or her job, in the UKthis is 5 years although the PM can
choose to call elections at anytime. There is a peaceful transition of
power which goes to show that the system is a peaceful one.
Indirect democracy relieves the "ordinary" citizen of decision making
and leaves it to the ""experts" in govt. posts.
Society is stable in this type of democracy as compromises are sought
and the govt. acts on majority desires. There is evidence that this
type of system works: westerns economy has flourished under this type
of democracy. It provides certain amounts of freedom and equality i.e.
freedom of speech and equal rights for men and women. There is a
widespread toleration of beliefs; there is no discrimination i.e. you
will be treated in the same way what ever colour of skin you have or
what ever religion you follow.
However there are things that show that indirect democracy although
effective is not as fair as it seems. It gives power to few people;
this increases the chances of corruption and abuse of power by the
government. The members of the House of Lords in the UK are unelected,
they have inherited their positions. This means that people who may be
unsuitable for the job are in power.
There is limited freedom in that an average adult only votes 11 times
in the whole of his or her life. Government secrecy leads to belief
that the public is being denied the right to know various things such
as where in the UK you are most likely to...