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Democracy Outweighs The Other Forms Of Goverment

1552 words - 6 pages

Even though democracy has been in existence since the ancient Greek, it rose to prominence in the twentieth century with a large number of countries shifting to democracy. This transition to democracy has sprung up a debate over its appropriateness as a system of government, with some supporting it as an ideal system while others coining it as the vilest form of government. Although it is argued that democracy and economic growth do not go hand in hand, nevertheless, democracy is not the vilest form of government because it provides better governance, protects individual liberty and rests sovereignty with the people.

Firstly, democracy has proven to provide good governance i.e. efficient management of public affairs and resources compared to all other forms of governments. This is due to a mechanism of checks and balances and regular elections. There is a famous saying by Lord Acton, "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” To counter the threat of absolute power that leads to corruption, democracy provides a very strong mechanism of checks and balances. In a democratic country, the different institutions keep an eye on the executive that performs the active role of governance. The judiciary makes sure that all the decisions and actions of the executive are in line with the constitution and so they do not abuse their office. The legislature has different committees, which consists of representatives of the public. These committees scrutinize the actions of the executive. Non-state institutions such as media also keep the executive in check by exposing their corruption and informing the public of their actions. These checks and balances make sure that the government takes steps in the interests of people, minimizes corruption and thus, results in good governance. Furthermore, the process of regular elections is also instrumental in ensuring effective governance. Any democratic government is limited by a term after which elections are held and the government has to compete again for authority. This does not allow for a monopoly of authority as those who are ruling today have to go to the public at the end of the day to regain authority. It induces a feeling of obligation to the public as their success comes only at the hands of public. Therefore, the sole intention of the government officials becomes to work in the interests and for the betterment of the people, who at the end of the day elect them. Contrary to this, other forms of government have centralized power with no time bounded terms for government officials. This leads to a lack of responsibility in the officials, resulting in the formulation of inefficient policies and corruption. Furthermore, this argument of good governance is strongly supported by statistics. According to the list of least corrupt countries released by Transparency International, all ten least corrupt countries are democratic countries (International). This clearly endorses the argument that...

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