Democratic Republic Of Congo: Development Policy Issues

1593 words - 6 pages

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this article, titled “DR Congo: Cursed by its natural wealth”, Snow claims that the DRC has a long history with colonialism and that poor decolonization is one of the reasons for the current conflict residing in the Congo.
Snow claims that the DRC has a long and complicated history with colonialism. The first form of governance in this territory was known as the Kingdom of Kongo (Snow). This kingdom was very well governed and had a mature political infrastructure. The Portuguese began exploring Africa in the 15th century and encountered the Kingdom of Kongo in 1480 (Snow). Snow states that not long after, the Portuguese realized the richness of the land, thus marking the beginning of colonialism in Kongo. But in addition to natural wealth of the territory, the Portuguese used the natives as a form of wealth—slavery. Snow writes, “The Congo was home to a seemingly inexhaustible supply of strong, disease-resistant slaves” (Snow). The article then describes how the Portuguese rule disintegrated in the 1600s and what was left was an anarchic state, which was soon recolonized by the British. According to Snow, the English were interested in embarking natives to the Americas to work on the new lands. The British were succeeded by the Belgians, who then took over the territory. Snow writes about the brutality of the Belgians. He states, “the men [natives] were forced to go into the jungle and harvest rubber. Disobedience or resistance was met by immediate punishment...death.” (Snow).
According to the article, the Belgians finally annexed the territory, but did so abruptly. As a result, Snow claims that the decolonization is one of the reasons for the current state of turmoil. Snow writes, “in a move supposed to end brutality, Belgium eventually annexed the Congo outright, but the problems in its former colony remained.” (Snow).

The major development policy issue reflected in this media article is the notion of a resource curse. The resource curse is a concept constructed by Paul Collier on the political economy of natural resources and its effects on a countries’ development. In short, Collier asserts that countries with an abundance of natural resources, especially those that are rare, do not develop at the same rate as countries that are not rich in natural resources. These “blessed” countries often tend to be more susceptible to civil and international wars, insurmountable debt, and high levels of corruption.
Based on the information provided by Snow, Collier’s concept of the resource curse...

Find Another Essay On Democratic Republic of Congo: Development Policy Issues

To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko?

1356 words - 5 pages Part A: Plan of Investigation To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko? The International Monetary Fund (created in 1945) was conceived by the meeting of representatives of 45 countries in Bretton woods, New Hampshire, United States to support countries facing debt crisis. The aim of this internal assessment is to examine the effect the IMF has had on the Democratic

Policy Evaluation of the REDD Mechanism in the Congo

1400 words - 6 pages . Hunt A.G, C. (2009). Carbon Sinks and Climate Change. Forests in the Fight against Global Warming. Advances in Ecological Economics, Edwar Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp.1 14. Isern, J. et al. 2007. Policy Diagnostic on Access to Finance in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP), Washington, DC, retrieved online at 15. Jaccard, M. and Rivers, N

Development of Foreign Policy

891 words - 4 pages events leading to the victory of the allies and surrender of Japan and Germany. In the recent past, after the breakup of the Soviet Union has seen changes in the development of the US foreign policy. It has however had a steadfast religious following on its principle culminating to the US war on terror after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon. These changes have seen the policy shift from a bipolar

Development of The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

2085 words - 8 pages in Afghanistan for the same purpose, and finally Taliban came and made Afghanistan ground of war. Afghanistan was an industrialized country, everyone was happy and they lived in peace, but now it has changed a lot, even the people and the nature of my country, my father used to tell me. In recent history, Afghanistan has made some progress in development such as, economic, social and education. There is some reasons that pace and extent

Does religion shape the nature of democratic development?

1753 words - 7 pages hindrance to democratic development. They argue that some religions are predisposed to liberal forms of democracy while others are a few steps shy of theocracy. Certain religious-based societies are not willing to incorporate all the elements of democracy, thus hindering democratic development. According to the Dahl and Linz-Stepan criteria listed in chapter eleven of Arguing Comparative Politics, the tenants of democracy are: “(1) freedom to form

The Contrasting Development of Democratic and Authoritarian States

1171 words - 5 pages authoritarian state incapable of reaching the economic vitality of the democratic state, which, in asserting the stimulant of institutional stability, has further provided an environment welcoming to innovation and development (125). Following fifty years of development, the authoritarian and democratic states would be expected to show separation in their experiences with internal stability. Authoritarian regimes are characterized by their ability

The People’s Republic of China and The One Child Policy

1784 words - 7 pages In the 1950s the People’s Republic of China first implemented the beginnings of the one child policy. It made significant changes to the population and the nation’s growth rate decreased. Professor Yinchu Ma (1957) initiated the policy with his book New Population Theory. His book responded to the huge increase in population growth occurring in China (Singer 1998). Under the Mao republic, leaders saw the population development as a danger to

"DEMOCRACY: Democratic government and democratic ideals" A general overview of democracy, the contemporary understanding of democracy with reference to governmental issues and democratic ideals.

2265 words - 9 pages between political parties for positions of power. In a democracy, there are regular and fair elections, in which all members of the population may take part.( Giddens,1999) Democratic governments can be divided into different types, based on a number of different distinctions. One such distinction is that between "direct" and "indirect" democracy.A direct democracy is a political system in which all citizens are allowed to influence policy by means

American Public Policy in the Fifties: The Development of Dilemmas

2103 words - 8 pages American Public Policy in the Fifties: The Development of Dilemmas During the 1950s, Eisenhower simultaneously developed public policy through control of military commitments abroad; for the individual, the ironic combination of consumer freedom, repressive social structures, and civil rights expansion; a protectionist stance on the economy coupled with a cautionary rejection of increased domestic spending; and the suffocation of political

"Comparison and analysis of the tourism development in Republic of Maldives and Kerala using Rose's Theory of Lesson drawing"

5755 words - 23 pages 2. IntroductionThis report compares the development of tourism industry in Kerala which is in South India and Maldives which is in the Indian Ocean, South west of India. The study starts with a brief introduction of Republic of Maldives their tourist organisations and their various policies for developing the tourism industry. This is followed by a brief introduction of Kerala, their tourist organisations and their various policies for

To What Extent Can the Problems of Urbanization be Met by a Policy of Sustainable Development

1815 words - 7 pages not compromise the quality of life by a policy of sustainable development in two aspects including formulating a more efficient transport pattern and changing the urban construction. For formulating a more efficient transport pattern, there are some specific strategies. Firstly, government can encourage people to pay more attention to public transit. The actual data about transit use from most cities indicates that transit use is

Similar Essays

The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

2744 words - 11 pages flee the country. The influx of more than 1 million Rwandan Hutu refugees in 1994 further destabilized the country. (Schatzberg, 97-98) The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. The new government instituted a tight fiscal policy that initially curbed inflation and currency depreciation, but these small gains were quickly vast reversed when the

The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1622 words - 6 pages , which is the capital of modern democratic republic of the Congo, was conquered. In 1892 and 1894, east Congo was forcibly taken from the control of east African Arab and Swahili traders. King Leopold did not have sufficient funds to develop the Congo. He received loans from the Belgium parliament in 1889 and 1895. At that same time, Leopold declared all unoccupied lands belonged to the state giving himself many of the natural resources including

The Rape In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

687 words - 3 pages Republic of Congo. These issues that most people are not aware about are harming the innocent mothers, daughters, cousins, aunts, even grandmothers of Congo. Unless the corporate plunder of Congo is stopped, the terror and the rapes will continue. So for now all that is left to do is make their be a greater awareness of this issue.Bibliography:1.)"Democratic Republic of the Congo: hundreds of thousands of women brutally raped.(Africa)." off our

Preventing The Export Of Conflict Diamonds In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy