Deng Xiaoping Essay

1614 words - 6 pages

China has a long history with several great leaders, but none of those leaders have even come close to being as great as Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping was a loyal communist who sacrificed his own life so his people could have a better one. During his long political career, he served as a Communist politcommissar of the 129th Division (Liu-Deng Army) from 1929 to 1949. As politcommissar, he bravely and successfully fought the Nationalists. In 1945, he was elected to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. He became a member of the Politburo in 1955 and ever since that year, he has been an invaluable member of the party.Depending on your personality or view, you may come to conclude that Deng Xiaoping was a force for evil and that he was responsible for taking away the freedom of millions of Chinese citizens. Some people may even conclude that Deng Xiaoping was a 'power-hungry' dictator who would do anything to obtain power. I have concluded differently. I believe that Deng Xiaoping was a force of good. He has devoted his entire life to helping his country, China.Before the Communist began to revolt, the Nationalists were doing a poor job of running the country and did not keep their promise for land reform. Deng Xiaoping believed that a Communist government would do a better job of running the country. During the Nationalist- Communist Civil War, Deng greatly influenced the outcome in favor of the Communists by using effective military strategy. Deng Xiaoping was appointed Politcommissar of the 129th Division of the Eighth Route Army (the Liu-Deng Army) from 1938 to 1947. He employed several campaigns against the Nationalists in which he inflicted severe damage. One campaign was when he led his army in the battle of Huaihai, which put 550,000 men of the Kuomintang troops out of action. Afterwards, he led his army across the Yangtze and liberated Nanjing, the capital of the Kuomintang government. Then his army liberated the entire southwest of the country.In October 1, 1949, China became a Communist nation. Without Deng Xiaoping's tremendous performance during the war, the Nationalists probably would have easily won. Because of Deng Xiaoping, the people of the nation were finally able to begin to modernize and enjoy a higher standard of living.From the day China became a Communist nation, to 1976 when Deng Xiaoping's superior, Mao Tse-tung dies, Deng Xiaoping did several things that greatly influence China. However, most of what happens to China during that period should be credited to Mao Tse-tung because he decided what policies to use and not to use. This however does not mean that Mao made good decisions.Several times during the 1960s and 1970s, Deng Xiaoping and Mao Tse-tung started to disagree on how to run the country. The reason is that Mao Tse-tung started to become interested only in maintaining his own power. However, Deng Xiaoping, truly cared about the welfare of the people in his country.The first disagreement between...

Find Another Essay On Deng Xiaoping

The Legacy of Deng Xiaoping Essay

1080 words - 4 pages The Legacy of Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping was born is 1904 in Sichuan Province. He died in 1997. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party. He went to France for higher education. He was a short man, gentle looking and intelligent. He was tough and soft-spoken. He was a chain smoker and he loved playing mahjong. He became the leader of China after chairman Mao. He was in power from 1978 till 1997. He married

Leadership Strategic Model-Xiaoping Deng and Him as a leader

809 words - 3 pages future? Useem (2001) suggested that there was a sort of leadership strategic model, to be specific, there are three main elements: firstly, they should have wisdom in planning what should be done; then, leaders can predict how it should be reached, last but not least, motivation, which stimulates people to pursuit a common goal with all honor.In my essay, I will make an analysis of these points with a typical case, Chinese leader Xiaoping Deng

Communism in China

603 words - 2 pages China had been changed after World War 2. Mao Zedong took the power and China became a communist country under his rule. Deng Xiaoping also made many changes in China. Both Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping had similarities and differences economically and politically.Under the rule of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, China experienced many changes in economic policies. First, they accepted communist economy. This came from Marxism, the theory that

Modern China Vs. Imperial China: A Comparative Essay

1222 words - 5 pages 1976. Mao Zendong was praised for his contributions to China, although he was criticized for his mistakes with the "Great Leap Forward" and "The Cultural Revolution." Shortly after Mao Zedong's death Deng Xiaoping took power. Deng Xiaoping was eager to show the world that China was more than a land of poverty, destruction, poor economic polices, and a disease driven population. Deng Xiaoping focused on modernizing and upgrading China's

fghjkl

940 words - 4 pages viewings, Xi has cast the blame for the collapse of the Soviet Union on Mikhail Gorbachev. Essentially, in a political climate facing domestic and foreign issues, Xi has attempted to defend the communist model while condemning individual traitors for the collapse of the Soviet Union. Following in the footsteps of Deng Xiaoping, Xi has implemented economic reforms, and yet, his political rhetoric remains focused on reinforcing Leninist principles to

The pre-Deng China

912 words - 4 pages At the geopolitical level, China saw Africa in the immediate post-colonial period as a continent that offered it the geographical reach in developing its claim as the global champion of the Third World. China portrayed itself, especially in the pre-Deng Xiaoping period, as engaged in a struggle against hegemonies’, and sought to develop stronger political ties with newly independent African countries to enhance its global reach and influence

1989 Tiananmen Square massacre in China and its resulting effects on Chinese policy making and politics

1193 words - 5 pages injured and hundreds more jailed.When Hu Yaobang, a hero to Chinese liberals and a former general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, died in April 1989, students began peaceful memorial demonstrations in Shanghai, Beijing, and other Chinese cities. ("Tiananmen Square Protest") This tribute evolved into a movement for democracy, as protesters demanded the removal of China's leader, Deng Xiaoping, and other Communist officials.On April 20

Chinese Society and Culture

1613 words - 7 pages vacuum left by Mao. The nation was just emerging from the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution which had rendered economic and social progress redundant. The underlying philosophy behind the reforms instituted by Xiaoping conflicted in part with the applied socialism that had been the backbone of the Mao era. Deng Xiaoping believed that policies need not be rejected purely because they were either capitalistic or communistic in nature. In effect, Deng

China's Culture Revolution

1334 words - 5 pages that an estimated one million people was killed during the Culture revolution (Meisner, 354). The Chinese Communist Party openly admitted it was a mistake after Deng XiaoPing came to power. The Culture Revolution also sacrificed an entire generation of young intellectuals because Mao ZeDong called on them to leave the cities and reform their thinking in villages doing hard labor. (Wong, 120) These same young intellectuals today are being dismissed

An Alternate China

1261 words - 5 pages extremes of wealth and poverty visible. The rapid social change is as remarkable as the rapid transformation of the economy. It is true, of course, that there were dramatic improvements in the living standards of the Chinese people during the reign of Deng Xiaoping. No matter how unequally distributed the gains and whatever the social costs, virtually all sectors of society and all regions of the country enjoy significantly greater incomes and

The Pro-Democracy Movement of the 1980's

962 words - 4 pages political system. But in the end, Millions of Chinese men, women and children died. When Mao himself died after a life of stubborness and an apparent inability to listen, Deng Xiaoping came into power even thought being exiled twice before. Deng Xiaoping, after seeing the errors of Mao's long rule, began to introduce political and economic reforms to China. Politically, he wanted to deal with leadership change, the

Similar Essays

Deng Xiaoping Essay

1494 words - 6 pages Deng Xiaoping      China has a long history with several great leaders, but none of those leaders have even come close to being as great as Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping was a loyal communist who sacrificed his own life so his people could have a better one. During his long political career, he served as a Communist politcommissar of the 129th Division (Liu-Deng Army) from 1929 to 1949. As politcommissar, he bravely

Deng Xiaoping Essay

2151 words - 9 pages Introduction “I don’t care if the cat is black or white, I just want it to kill the mice.” - Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping has been the individual with the most impact on China since the 1970’s. Along with Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, he is looked at as one of the key figures in evolution of communism in China . Deng Xiaoping will be remembered as a national hero, but this was not always the case. The real story of Deng includes the fact

Deng Xiaoping Essay

2130 words - 9 pages He was the Napoleon of China. At just four feet eleven inches tall. Deng Xiaoping set China on a sky-rocketing course. When Deng Xiaoping took control of China in 1978 the economy was in "a backwards state", also in the early 1980s more than 80% of China was in poverty, but two decades later after the massive reforms of Deng Xiaoping, the poverty level drastically decreased. This incredible task could have only been done though the outstanding

Deng Xiaoping Essay

1438 words - 6 pages Deng Xiaoping and the origins of Chinese CapitalismThe Legacies of the Maoist EraThe Chinese communists came to power in 1949 promising two revolutions: a bourgeois revolution (nobility vs. bourgeoisie) followed by a socialist one (bourgeoisie vs. proletariat). The bourgeois revolution was accomplished by the Marxist rulers. The aim was to make China appear as a nation- state. Therefore, the population was instilled by feeling of national