Denial of an Addiction
It is hard to put into words the exact reason a person becomes addicted to something such as drugs, alcohol or even gambling. Addiction can be described as becoming so dependent on something that their tolerance could be raised to dangerous levels. When an addicted person needs larger doses, it is because the amount that they originally started with does not provide that “reward” that it once used to. This could lead to a dangerous downfall including disability or even death. One of the hardest parts of the addiction is when the user is in complete denial that there is even a problem.
The theory of positive and negative reinforcement has been used as one way to try and explain the addiction. The positive reinforcement is the “addition of a stimulus or event that will increase the frequency of a certain behavior” (Two Theories of Drug Addiction, Positive Reinforcement and Negative Reinforcement., 2012). The negative reinforcement would be deleting the desire or urge to use the substance.
Before the addiction is in full swing, there are various stages the user will experience. There are many stages that the user will go through. The first stage would be experimentation. At this point, the person is not considered a user, yet. They are curious about the substance, the effects and the attraction that others also have in the substance. They may have friends or family members that talk about it. It may have been a case of peer pressure the first time the person uses the substance, or the person may try it as a coping mechanism to deal with stressful situations, such as the loss of a loved one, or a job. For some individuals it goes no further than the experimentation stage, for others it begins the “recreational use” stage. Recreational use is the point in which the substance is used more often, maybe every weekend for example.
The next stage would develop into regular use of the substance. The use has now blossomed into a normal part of their routine in life. What may have started as something only done with friends, has now grown to the user doing it alone. This is becoming way more serious that the recreational use stage. (Stages of Substance Abuse, 2013) The usage has the potential to begin to interfere with the users’ social life, work life and possibly even relationships with family members may begin to suffer. Once the user starts to take larger doses, they may begin to suffer from emotional or physical problems associated with the substance. (Definition of Addiction, 2011)
Once the individual has gone through these stages, they are usually on the downward spiral of addiction. After the substance begins to interfere with the user’s life, they are now in the fight of their life, whether they realize or admit to it. With the regular use of the substance, it is becoming apparent that the individual has a problem. It shows in their actions, or lack thereof, in their appearance and in the choices they are making....