Dental Trauma Essay

1353 words - 5 pages

. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the British Society of Pediatric Dentistry with the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) have created to guidelines that outline the different types of trauma along with their methods of diagnosis and treatment. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) most frequently occur in preschool, school-age children and young adults. 25% of all school children experience dental trauma. The most common TDIs in the primary dentition is luxation (Dent Traumatol 2012;28:2-12). The following guidelines for management of dental traumatic injuries in primary teeth were attained using the AAPD and IADT.

Dental traumatic injuries include:
Fractures of the the teeth and alveolar bone
Infraction
Definition: Incomplete fracture of enamel without loss of tooth structure
Diagnosis: No radiographic abnormalities. Radiographs recommended, especially if other signs or symptoms are present
Treatment: Etching and sealing with resin; Smooth sharp edges
Follow up: Usually none

Enamel fracture
Definition: Complete fracture of the enamel with no visible sign of exposed dentin
Diagnosis:
Clinical - enamel loss is visible
Percussion: not tender
Mobility: normal
Sensitivity: not reliable
Radiographic findings: Enamel loss is visible
Radiograph recommended: PA, occlusal, and eccentric exposures to r/o root fracture or luxation injury.
Treatment: Smooth sharp edges. If the patient has a lip or cheek lesion, it is advisable to search for tooth fragments or foreign materials.
Follow up: None

Crown fracture - uncomplicated
Definition: an enamel-dentin fracture without pulp exposure.
Diagnosis:
Clinical: visible loss of enamel and dentin
Percussion: not tender
Mobility: normal
Sensitivity: not reliable
Radiographic:
Enamel and dentin loss is visible. Distance between the fracture and pulp evaluated.
Treatment:
Clean with water spray, saline or chlorhexidine and disinfect with sodium hypochlorite or Peridex
Emergency: glass ionomer cement for temporary coverage
Restore with composite resin
Follow up: 6-8 weeks and a year

Crown-fracture - uncomplicated
Definition: an enamel fracture or an enamel-dentin fracture that does not involve the pulp.
Diagnosis:
Clinical: visible loss of tooth structure and exposed pulp
Percussion: Not tender
Mobility: normal
Sensitivity: not reliable
Radiographic: loss of tooth structure with pulpal involvement
Recommended: occlusal to r/o displacement of root or root fracture
Treatment: Pulpotomy, pulpectomy, and extraction
Follow up: 1 week. Clinical and radiographic 6-8 weeks and a year.

Crown/Root fracture
Definition: an enamel, dentin, and cementum fracture with or without pulp exposure.
Diagnosis:
Clinical findings: mobile coronal fragment attached to the gingiva with or without a pulp exposure.
Percussion: tender
Mobility: at least one coronal fragment
Sensitivity: not reliable
Radiographic findings: radiolucent oblique...

Find Another Essay On Dental Trauma

Condition Stimuli: Dentist Avoidance - Monmouth University/ Psychology - Essay

997 words - 4 pages have to go to the dentist. Then my parents decided that it was time for some annual exams and dental work. They made an appointment and brought me to the dentist office. Everything was fine, the dentist, his office, the chair, and the visit itself were still completely benign stimuli at this point. According to classical conditioning, once these stimuli are paired with an unconditioned response, like pain, fear, and so forth, they become conditioned

Human Cosmetic Surgery and Prosthetic Device Implants

3200 words - 13 pages risks and benefits. Implants can server many purposes. Cosmetic surgery has variety prosthesis to select from, not only to change the appearance of a feature for aesthetic reasons, but also to correct disfiguring from trauma or disease. Numerous implants are available to enhance physical appearance through cosmetic surgery. Breast implants is one of the most common cosmetic surgery procedures, and is considered extremely useful for

Case Study of a Patient with Periodontal Disease

2299 words - 10 pages HD CASE REPORT Introduction: A 39 years old male adult attended for a regular 6 monthly dental check up and routine scaling. The patient reports to suffer from anxiety, he is a teacher, a non-smoker, non-drinker and a regular dental attender. On his initial examination dated 23/06/13 the patient was seen for a routine full mouth scale and polish with reinforced oral hygiene instruction including flossing technique. He presented with

Teeth Whitening Can be Hazardous

1048 words - 5 pages , and they used acid to whiten teeth. The trend soon turned to fluoride, but soon after, the negative effects of too much fluoride were discovered. According to Jean Arthur, a dentist from Providence, Rhode Island, dentists accidentally stumbled on using peroxide for whitening. Today, the use of peroxide for teeth whitening trays are very popular (Vernon Sparks). While whitening is becoming increasingly popular, the American Dental Association

title

1379 words - 6 pages recommendation in this case. I. Biocompatibility of the restorative material used1,2,:  Primum non nocere - Every effort should be done to minimize the pulpal and periapical damage. The restorative materials used should be passive and chemically inert. All dental material exhibits some adverse reaction with the host tissue. This could be due to dissolution, chemical reaction, or corrosion and may contain toxic constituents, either local or

A guide to radiation exposure

1496 words - 6 pages The effects of radiation can be hazardous to any part of the human body. In this guide I will explain the advantages, and disadvantages of x-ray radiation. I will also discuss the technological advances that we have today then of what we had the past on the human body during radiation exposure. I will explain preventions of exposure and safety precautions that we as dental assistants as well as patients can follow to stay safe. The X-Ray

Clinical Management of Malreplanted Central and Lateral Maxillary Incisors after Avulsion: A 24 Months Follow Up

1828 words - 8 pages the alveolar bone5. Avulsion also is a relatively rare injury that represents about %0.5 to %3 of all dental injuries and seems the most severe one6-8. Avulsion was described as complete displacement of tooth out of socket5,9. The weakest outcomes of dentoalveolar trauma are related to avulsion with finally %73-%96 loss of the replanted teeth10. Therefore avulsion is a real dental emergency and proper management in the time of injury can determine

Complications of Oral Piercings and Prevention Tips

786 words - 4 pages longer one to a shorter one with acrylic balls once the site has healed to diminish the risk of trauma. If the patient has a cheek or lip ring, they should try to refrain from opening too wide so that they do not stretch and tighten the tissue. The patient should throw their old tooth brush away and buy a new one following piercing so that old bacteria does not enter into the mouth. Dental professionals should check the jewelry for tightness to make

Dentin Hypersensitivity and Treatment Methods

948 words - 4 pages One of the main complaints heard from patients when they come to the office is that their teeth are sensitive. This can cause problems with dental treatment, along with home care and diet. Usually the culprit of sensitivity is dentin hypersensitivity. While it can be caused by many reasons, once you get the patient’s dental history and habits, it can usually be ascribed to one cause. There are a couple ways to treat dentin hypersensitivity. Many

Healthy Teeth, Healthy Life

2162 words - 9 pages of dental problems such as fillings, tooth extractions, etc. These oral problems can result in treatments with costly bills. But by comparison, the cost of performing basic oral hygiene and preventive teeth cleaning is relatively low (Oral-B). There are basic procedures to follow in order to uphold proper oral hygiene including brushing and flossing. The first step in maintaining a healthy mouth is performing proper brushing every day

The Treatment of Phobias

1026 words - 4 pages . Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in facilitating clinical treatment of injections. Several people today suffer from travel phobia, yet there is little data regarding the phobia. The purpose of this study was to review the usefulness of a

Similar Essays

Dental Hygienist: An Essential Piece In A Dental Office

2157 words - 9 pages there will be enough room for the patient to keep the teeth in their mouth or if they will need to be removed due to lack of space. Bitewing x-rays are obtained to assess the contacts of the teeth, where the molars touch, for any tooth decay that could be developing. Periapical x-rays are obtained to assess the roots of the teeth and are often taken in the event of a tooth trauma (Mills, Angel). In order to become a dental hygienist they must

Career Exploration Essay

1424 words - 6 pages also might cover anesthesia, child oral trauma, child orthodontics, dental caries, oral medicine, infant oral health and sedation. The largest percentage of a pediatric dentistry resident's time is spent in a clinical environment, observing and performing work with actual young patients. OHSU School of Dentistry does have an excellent Pediatric Dentistry residency program in which I plan to apply for after attaining my DMD.After obtaining a

Musculoskeletal Disorder Of The Lower Back

941 words - 4 pages experienced lower back pain (LBP) in recent years. For doctor visits the reason has become the second, this is not including those whom do not question or seek advice for the problem and just in hope that one day the pain will go away. Those who have reported lower back pain have “either neck pain 41% of the time, or hand or wrist pain 38% of the time.” “Musculoskeletal disorder arises from a number of sources; however the primary cause in the dental

Seven Differents Jobs In Dental Occupations

2459 words - 10 pages canals, fillings, crowns, veneers, bridges, and preventive education” (“Dentists and Other Oral Health Care Providers,” 2005). In order to become a general practitioner you must first go to undergraduate school, and then complete four more years of dental school (“What Does a General Dentist Do?” 2013). Before any dentist is accepted into dental school, they have to take the Dental Admissions Test (DAT). “The DAT is designed to measure general